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1. Which of the following items would not be classified as part of factory overhead?

1. Which of the following items would not be classified as part of factory overhead?
        Direct labor used
        Amortization of manufacturing patents
        Production supervisors' salaries
        Factory supplies used
2. For which of the following businesses would the process cost system be appropriate?
        Book publisher
        Dress designer
        Lumber mill
        Printing firm
3. The four steps necessary to determine the cost of goods completed and the ending inventory valuation in a process cost system are:
1. allocate cost to transferred and partially completed units
2. determine the units to be assigned costs
3. determine the cost per equivalent unit
4. calculate equivalent units of production
The correct ordering of the steps is:
        2,4,3,1
        4,2,3,1
        2,3,4,1
        2,3,1,4
4. Department R had 5,000 units in work in process that were 75% completed as to labor and overhead at the beginning of the period, 30,000 units of direct materials were added during the period, 32,000 units were completed during the period, and 3,000 units were 40% completed as to labor and overhead at the end of the period.  All materials are added at the beginning of the process.   The first-in, first-out method is used to cost inventories.  The number of equivalent units of production for conversion costs for the period was:
        32,450
        29,450
        31,950
        26,000
5. Which of the following is an example of a cost that varies in total as the number of units produced changes?
        Salary of a production supervisor
        Direct materials cost
        Property taxes on factory buildings
        Straight-line depreciation on factory equipment
6. Which of the following is not an example of a cost that varies in total as the number of units produced changes?
        Electricity per KWH to operate factory equipment
        Direct materials cost
        Insurance premiums on factory building
        Wages of assembly worker
7. Which of the following describes the behavior of the variable cost per unit?
        Varies in increasing proportion with changes in the activity level
        Varies in decreasing proportion with changes in the activity level
        Remains constant with changes in the activity level
        Varies in direct proportion with the activity level
8. For March, sales revenue is $800,000; sales commissions are 4% of sales; the sales manager's salary is $80,000; advertising expenses are $75,000; shipping expenses total 1% of sales; and miscellaneous selling expenses are $2,100 plus 3/4 of 1% of sales.  Total selling expenses for the month of March are:
        $203,100
        $187,550
        $194,100
        $192,100
9. If the expected sales volume for the current period is 7,000 units, the desired ending inventory is 200 units, and the beginning inventory is 300 units, the number of units set forth in the production budget, representing total production for the current period, is:
        7,000
        6,900
        7,100
        7,200
10. Wright Corporation began its operations on September 1 of the current year.  Budgeted sales for the first three months of business are $240,000, $300,000, and $420,000, respectively, for September, October, and November.  The company expects to sell 20% of its merchandise for cash.  Of sales on account, 70% are expected to be collected in the month of the sale, 25% in the month following the sale, and the remainder in the following month.  The cash collections in September from accounts receivable are:
        $240,000
        $134,400
        $192,000
        $168,000
11. As of January 1, the Joyner Company had an account receivable of $50,000.  The sales for January, February, and March were as follows:  $120,000, $140,000 and $150,000.  20% of each months sales are for cash.  Of the remaining 80% (the credit sales), 60% are collected in the month of sale, with remaining 40% collected in the following month.  What is the total cash collected (both from accounts receivable and for cash sales) in the month of January?
        $74,000
        $110,000
        $71,600
        $131,600
12. Standards that represent levels of operation that can be attained with reasonable effort are called:
        theoretical standards
        ideal standards
        variable standards
        normal standards
13. The following data relate to direct materials costs for November:
Actual costs 4,600 pounds at $5.50
Standard costs 4,500 pounds at $6.00
What is the direct materials quantity variance?
        $550 unfavorable
        $600 favorable
        $550 favorable
        $600 unfavorable
14. Favorable volume variances may be harmful when:
        machine repairs cause work stoppages
        supervisors fail to maintain an even flow of work
        production in excess of normal capacity cannot be sold
        there are insufficient sales orders to keep the factory operating at normal capacity
15. Businesses that are separated into two or more managable units in which managers have authority and responsibility for operations are said to be:
        decentralized
        consolidated
        diversified
        centralized
16. In a profit center, the department manager has responsibility for and the authority to make decisions that affect:
        not only costs and revenues, but also assets invested in the center
        the assets invested in the center, but not costs and revenues
        both costs and revenues for the department or division
        costs and assets invested in the center, but not revenues
17. Division T reported income from operations of $875,000 and total service department charges of $575,000.  Therefore:
        net income was $300,000
        The gross profit margin was $300,000
        income from operations before service department charges were $1,450,000
        consolidated net income was $300,000
18. The amount of increase or decrease in cost that is expected from a particular couse of action as compared with an alternative is termed:
        period cost
        product cost
        differential cost
        discretionary cost
19. A cost that will not be affected by later decisions is termed a(n):
        historical cost
        differential cost
        sunk cost
        replacement cost
20.  
Product
                F G H Total
Sales                 $300,000 $220,000 $340,000 $860,000
Less Variable Costs $180,000 $190,000 $220,000 $590,000
Contribution Margin $120,000 $  30,000 $120,000 $270,000
Less Fixed Costs $  50,000 $  50,000 $  40,000 $140,000
Income (Loss) from operations $  70,000 $(20,000) $  80,000 $130,000
Management is considering the discontinuance of the manufacture and sale of Product G at the beginning of the current year.  The discontinuance would have no effect on the total fixed csots and expenses or on the sales of Product F and H.  What is the amount of change in net income for the current year that will result from the discontinuance of Product G?
        $20,000 increase
        $30,000 increase
        $20,000 decrease
        $30,000 decrease
21. The process by which management plans, evaluates, and controls long-term investment decision involving fixed assets is called:
        absorption cost analysis
        variable cost analysis
        capital investment analysis
        cost-volume-profit analysis
22. An anticipated purchase of equipment for $400,000, with a useful life of 8 years and no residual value, is expected to yield the following annual net incomes and net cash flows:
Year Net Income Net Cash Flow
1 $60,000 $110,000
2 $50,000 $100,000
3 $50,000 $100,000
4 $40,000 $90,000
5 $40,000 $90,000
6 $40,000 $90,000
7 $40,000 $90,000
8 $40,000 $90,000
What is the cash payback period?
        5 years
        4 years
        6 years
        3 years
23. Which method of evaluating capital investment proposals uses the concept of present value to compute a rate of return?
        Average rate of return
        Accounting rate of return
        Cash payback period
        Internal rate of return
24. Complete an income statement using the following data:
Sales 100,000
Gross Profit 93,000
Total Selling Expenses 50,000
Total Operating Expenses 65,000
Show all work
25. A company with a break-even point at $900,000 in sales revenue and had fixed costs of $225,000. When actual sales were $1,000,000 variable costs were $750,000. Determine (a) the margin of safety expressed in dollars, (b) the margin of safety expressed as a percentage of sales, (c) the contribution margin ratio, and (d) the operating income.
Label each part of your answer.
26.  Delicious Cake Factory normally sells their specialty cake for $22. An offer to buy 100 cakes for $18 per cake was made by an organization hosting a national event in the city. The variable cost per cake is $12. A special decoration per cake will add another $1 to the cost. Determine the differential income or loss per cake from selling the cakes.

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