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# the solution of this exercise 16-27 Alternative methods of joint-cost allocation, product-mix decisions. The Southern Oil Company buys crude...

the solution of this exercise 16-27 Alternative methods of joint-cost allocation, product-mix decisions. The Southern Oil Company
buys crude vegetable oil. Refining this oil results in four products at the splitoff point: A, B, C, and D. Product C
is fully processed by the splitoff point. Products A, B, and D can individually be further refined into Super A,
Super B, and Super D. In the most recent month (December), the output at the splitoff point was as follows:
 Product A, 322,400 gallons
 Product B, 119,600 gallons
 Product C, 52,000 gallons
 Product D, 26,000 gallons
The joint costs of purchasing and processing the crude vegetable oil were \$96,000. Southern had no beginning or ending inventories. Sales of product C in December were \$24,000. Products A, B, and D were further
refined and then sold. Data related to December are as follows:
Separable Processing Costs to Make Super Products Revenues
Super A \$249,600 \$300,000
Super B 102,400 160,000
Super D 152,000 160,000
Southern had the option of selling products A, B, and D at the splitoff point. This alternative would have
yielded the following revenues for the December production:
 Product A, \$84,000
 Product B, \$72,000
 Product D, \$60,000
1. Compute the gross-margin percentage for each product sold in December, using the following meth- Required
ods for allocating the \$96,000 joint costs:
a. Sales value at splitoff
b. Physical-measure
c. NRV
2. Could Southern have increased its December operating income by making different decisions about
the further processing of products A, B, or D? Show the effect on operating income of any changes
you recommend.

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