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Balance Sheet Cash Account Receivable Inventory Current assets Tangible net fixed assets Patent and copyright Total assets 18. Marginal vs.

The Case

Mark Sexton and Todd Story, the owners of S&S Air Inc. were impressed by the work Chris had done on financial planning. Using Chris's analysis, and looking at the demand for light aircraft, they have decided that their existing fabrication equipment is sufficient, but it is time to acquire a bigger manufacturing facility. Mark and Todd have identified a suitable structure that is currently for sale, and they believe they can buy and refurbish it for about $22 million. Mark, Todd, and Chris are now ready to meet with Christie Vaughan, the loan officer for First United National Bank. The meeting is to discuss the mortgage options available to the company to finance the new facility.

Christie begins the meeting by discussing a 30-year mortgage. The loan would be repaid in equal monthly installments. Because of the previous relatinoship between S&S Air and the bank, there would be no closing costs for the loan. Christie states that the APR of the loan would be 6.1 percent. Todd asks if a shorter mortgage loan is available. Christie says that the bank does have a 20-year mortgage available at the same APR.

Mark decides to ask Christie about a "smart loan" he discussed with a mortgage broker when he was refinancing his home loan. A smart loan works as follows: Every two weeks a mortgage payment is made that is exactly one-half of the traditional monthly mortgage payment. Christie informs him that the bank does not have smart loans. The APR of the smart loan would be the same APR as the traditional loan. Mark nods his head. He then states that this is the best mortgage option available to the company since it saves interest payments.

Christie agrees with Mark, but then suggests that a bullet loan, or balloon payment would result in the greatest interest savings. At Todd's prompting, she goes on to explain a bullet loan. The monthly payments of a bullet loan would be calculated using a 30-year traditional mortgage. In this case, there would be a 5-year bullet. This would mean that the company would make the mortgage payments for the traditional 30-year mortgage for the first five years, but immediately after the company would make the 60th payment, the bullet payment would be due. The bullet payment is the remaining principal of the loan. Chris then asks how the bullet payment is calculated. Christie tells him that the remaining principal can be calculated using an amortization table, but it is also the present value of the remaining 25 years of mortgage payments for the 30-year mortgage.

Todd has also heard of an interest-only loan and asks if the loan is available and what the terms would be. Christie says that the bank offers an interest-only loan with a term of 10 years and an APR of 3.5 percent. She goes on to further explain the terms. The company would be responsible for making interest payments each month on the amount borrowed. No principal payments are required. At the end of the 10-year term, the company would repay the $22 million. However, the company can make principal payments at any time. The principal payments would work just like those on a traditional mortgage. Principal payments would reduce the principal of the loan and reduce the interest rate due on the next payment. Mark and Todd are satisfied with Christie's answers, but they are still unsure of which loan they should choose. They have asked Chris to answer the following questions to help them choose the correct mortgage

The Question:

What are the payments for the interest-only loan?
16. Balance Sheet Cash 193,000 Accounts Payable 296,000 Account Receivable 253,000 Notes Payable 189,000 Inventory 538,000 Current Liabilities 485,000 Current assets 984,000 Long-term debt 1,250,000 Total liabilities 1,735,000 Tangible net fixed assets 5,100,000 Common Stock 610,000 Patent and copyright 847,000 Accumulated retained earnings 4,586,000 Total assets 6,931,000 Total liabilities & Owners' equity 6,931,000 18. Marginal vs. Average Tax Rates
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This question was asked on Jan 18, 2013.

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