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13 DOCUMENTING AND PRESENTING THE CASE INTRODUCTION This chapter will explain how to pull everything together into a coherent report, and then, using...

Who qualifies as an expert witness? 100 - 150 Words
13 D OCUMENTING AND P RESENTING THE C ASE INTRODUCTION This chapter will explain how to pull everything together into a coherent re- port, and then, using the report, how to prepare a concise flexible filing sys- tem that you can use and incorporate into the analytical aids previously discussed. CREATING A SYSTEM In the last few chapters, we introduced the reader to some powerful organi- zation and analysis tools. Their utility, however, is limited by the investiga- tor’s ability to quickly and accurately retrieve the underlying facts and data on which they are based. Without the ability to put your hands on the evidence supporting the conclusion, or to identify the witness who will testify for a par- ticular fact, the models are nothing more than elaborate flowcharts. To be ef- fective, they must be related directly to the process of prosecution. The most efficient model in the world will be useless to us if we have to wade through several stacks of paper on our desk in order to find the specific document nec- essary to prove a particular proposition. We must have ease of retrieval. To achieve this ease of retrieval, we must integrate our organizational sys- tem with our analysis tools. The organizational system must fulfill some basic requirements. First, the system must have a direct correlation between the un- 254
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derlying data and the models. In other words, we must be able to directly ref- erence each item in our models from our system and vice versa. Second, the system must be easy to implement. With ease of implementation, consistent use of an organization tool becomes more likely. Third, the system must be flexible—it must be able to expand or contract in complexity according to the nature of the case at hand. Rigidity limits the application of the system to only those particular types of cases for which it was originally designed. It is im- portant that the system be just as applicable to drug investigations as it is to financial crime investigations. And fourth, the system must be scalable. Scalability, much like flexibility, allows our system some degree of porta- bility. What flexibility is to various types of cases, scalability is to the size and complexity of cases. Implementation of our system must be as easy for a com- plicated racketeering scheme as it is for a small employee theft. Keeping these four primary requirements in mind, we have borrowed from the tool-kit of experienced trial lawyers and adapted the casebook system to the inves- tigative arena. THE CASEBOOK SYSTEM Like investigation, trial preparation is fluid, often complicated, and always a time-consuming endeavor. For this reason, lawyers have searched for tools in order to minimize the time necessary to prepare for trial and prosecute a case. Behind this search has always been the principle that coherence must be as- sembled from chaos, and immediate access to coherent information must be maintained. The transition from trial preparation to prosecution must be seam- less. The product of this search is the trial book, sometimes referred to as the casebook. 1 The casebook is nothing more than an organizational tool. It is a central repository for everything that is known about your case. From preliminary re- ports through final disposition, the casebook catalogues and organizes every- thing in the life cycle of the investigation. It is both the index to, and the body of work resulting from, your ongoing investigative efforts. In practice, the trial book 2 is often prepared during the final stage of pre- trial preparation. It is often seen as a way to pull everything together into a co- herent unit and organize the evidence in a logical way, given the anticipated needs of a trial. As such, it may be introduced relatively late in the life cycle Documenting and Presenting the Case 255
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Who qualifies as an expert witness?
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An expert witness is a person who by its education reason or experience in specialized field,
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