While working in the Emergency Department, a patient was brought in by ambulance with 2 arrow wounds. The first arrow is still in the patient on the left side, entering anteriorly between the 7th and 8th ribs in a 90 degree angle, the arrow head protruding posteriorly.
The 2nd arrow is located in the posterior cervical triangle.
Question 1 (CLO 1, 4, 5, 6)
a) What serosal cavities have been penetrated by the 1st arrow?
b) Explain the location, the microscopic characteristics of the serous membrane, and the purpose of the serous membrane.
Question 2 (CLO 4, 5)
a) Describe the Autonomic Nervous System.
b) Explain how the patient's ANS reacts to the arrow attack.
c) How will this autonomic reaction affect the patient's vital signs (Pulse rate, Blood Pressure, Respiratory rate, Temperature)?
Question 3 (CLO 1, 5)
a) Describe the trajectory of the 1st arrow using directional terms and anatomical planes.
b) Identify and describe the organs and any other membranes that may have been affected by the 1st arrow.