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`Which philosopher would most likely accept the following argument: (1) Art can corrupt and degrade even decent people, (2) If art can corrupt and degrade even decent people, then art should not be allowed in a well-ordered society, (3) Thus, art should not be allowed in a well-ordered society.

Aristotle

Matthew Kieran

Plato

All of the above



According to the traditional definition of knowledge, knowledge is justifed, true, belief.

True

False


Even if Myrick's act of deciding to experiment on homeless people in effort to cure paralysis did not maximize utility or happiness (suppose he fails to cure paralysis), an act-utilitarian would still say that his act was morally right.

True

False


At the beginning of Meditation II, Descartes discovers that he can be certain that

the evil genius exists

he is awake

he has hands

he exists



The view that we lack knowledge is called

skepticism

epistemology

utilitarianism

propositional knowledge



Descartes claims that we can easily distinguish being asleep from being awake.

True

False


According to the hard determinist, human beings are responsible for all of their actions.

True

False



Descartes assumes that knowledge requires absolute certainty.

True

False



The malevolent computers in the film The Matrix represent an updated version of Descartes'

piece of wax

basket of apples

discussion of the senses

evil genius



According to Aristotle, the best tragedies involve a character with whom the viewer can identify, neither much better nor much worse than most of us.

True

False



According to a libertarian, Lola's decision to enter the casino is ultimately caused by:

an earlier event

Lola's need for money

an event that takes place in Lola's brain

Lola herself

According to Matthew Kieran, the role of public art institutions is to give place to good and great art, even if some of those artworks are controversial or morally disquieting.

True

False



In the Meditations, Descartes wants to find out if there is anything that

he can doubt

he cannot perceive

he can be absolutely certain of

can get rid of the evil genius



If a hard determinist such as d'Holbach were to view the film Run, Lola Run, he would say that:

all of Lola's actions are free and she is responsible for them.

some of Lola's actions are free, but she isn't responsible for any of them.

none of Lola's actions are free, and she isn't responsible for any of them.

some of Lola's actions are free, and she is responsible for those actions.


Kant would find Myrick's research in Extreme Measures morally acceptable.

True

False



According to Aristotle, the purpose of tragedy is to bring about a catharsis, a purging of the emotions, in the audience through the experience of fear and pity.

True

False









Mill would say that the morality of an act depends on

the motive of the agent.

its consequences.

the categorical imperative.

what God thinks about it.



According to Aristotle, the reason why we find art pleasurable is because it does not make reason or exercise our understanding.

True

False



According to the soft determinist, although determinism is true, some human actions are free.

True

False



The film The Matrix forces the viewer to confront the question

is belief required for knowledge?

why is there something rather than nothing?

what is virtue?

how do I know that the world I perceive is real?


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