TOPIC 2: FIESTA AND FESTIVAL Intro: This topic explores the appropriation of town fiestas, which were originally religious events, becoming festivals...
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TOPIC 2: FIESTA AND FESTIVALevents, becoming festivals organized by the state and secular sectors in society as

Intro: This topic explores the appropriation of town fiestas, which were originally religious

elaborate community events. The module examines the role of fiestas in Philippine life

and how it is transformed by tourism into festivals, competitions, street dance and other

forms of spectacle. The notion of "invented traditions" (Hobsbawm) throughout the

country have flourished with the numerous festivals encouraged by the state to highlight

an iconic identity of a place under the aim of becoming a tourist destination. The topic

examines the changes that have occurred in belief systems, patronage, and social

relationships due to these state interventions.


1. Read the following:


Hobsbawm, Eric and Terence Ranger. 1992. The Invention of Traditions. Columbia

University Press. (Access here: http://psi424.cankaya.edu.tr/uploads/files/Hobsbawm_and_Ranger_eds_The_Invention_of_Tradition.pdf)


Hornedo, F. Culture and Community In The Philippines Fiesta And Other Celebrations. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House, 2000. (Alternative reading: https://ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/in-focus/the-philippine-fiesta/)


Wendt, Reinhard. "Philippine Fiesta and Colonial Culture." Philippine Studies, vol 46, no. 1, (1998), 3-23.

(Access here: http://www.philippinestudies.net/ojs/index.php/ps/article/view/527/533)


I. Discuss the social relations created by the fiesta/ festival.


Study Questions


1. What are the forms and practices associated with the Philippine festival you just

watched?

2. Can there be personal agency under the societal constraints of a given tradition?

3. If you are tourist or outsider observing a ritual, how do you act and behave?

Answered by Expert Tutors

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