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can you please fill out this review/ study guide with definitions and info from astronomy openstax textbook Chapter 1 - The Nature of Science and a

can you please fill out this review/ study guide with definitions and info from astronomy openstax textbook

Chapter 1 - The Nature of Science and a Tour of the Universe

 Hypothesis, law, and theory

 Hallmarks of good science; contrast with pseudoscience

 Basic contents of the universe - star, planet, moon, asteroid, comet, Solar System, Milky Way, Local Group

 Light travel time and seeing into the past

 Physical scales and timescales

Chapter 2 - Astronomy from Ancient Times to the European Renaissance

 Celestial Sphere

 Celestial poles and lines (meridian, celestial equator, ecliptic)

 Earth's rotation and orbit

 Precession

 Retrograde motion

 Ptolemy's geocentric model

 Copernicus' heliocentric model

 Galileo's observations


Sections 4.2, 4.3, 4.5, and 4.7 - Earth, Moon, and Sun

 Seasons

 Units of time o Sidereal and solar day o Seven day week

 Lunar phases

 Lunar and solar eclipses Sections 3.1 to 3.5 - Motion, Gravity, and Orbits

 Kepler's Laws

 Speed, velocity, and acceleration

 Force, mass, and weight

 Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation

 Orbits

 Newton's modifications to Kepler's Laws Escape velocity

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