Course Hero Logo
Question
Answered

QUESTION 1 Filtration occurs in what portion of the kidney? ...

QUESTION 1

  1. Filtration occurs in what portion of the kidney? 
  2. Proximal tubule
  3. Distal tubule and collecting duct
  4. Descending limb of loop of Henle
  5. Glomerulus

1 points  

QUESTION 2

  1. Massive hemorrhage can cause what type of acute kidney injury? 
  2. pre-renal
  3. intra-renal
  4. post-renal

1 points  

QUESTION 3

  1.  When plasma creatinine concentration increases what effect does it have on the GFR? 
  2. GFR increases 
  3. GFT decreases 
  4. GFR remains the same 
  5. GFR moves in the same direction as the plasma creatinine concentration

1 points  

QUESTION 4

  1. Cells that remove bacteria and foreign particles from blood in the hepatic sinusoids are called? 
  2. Kupffer cells
  3. Pancreatic acinar cells
  4. Hepatocytes
  5. Parietal cells

1 points  

QUESTION 5

  1. A patient with massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia, and edema is experiencing classic symptoms of: 
  2. Renal cancer
  3. Nephrotic syndrome
  4. Calculus lodged in ureter
  5. Acute kidney injury

1 points  

QUESTION 6

  1. Severe right-sided heart failure can cause: 

  2.  intrahepatic portal hypertension
  3. posthepatic portal hypertension
  4. prehepatic portal hypertension
  5. aortic portal hypertension

1 points  

QUESTION 7

  1. Reabsorption of large amounts of sodium, water, glucose, amino acids; net reabsorption of bicarbonate; secretion of H1, organic acids, and many medications occurs in what portion of the kidney? 
  2. Proximal tubule
  3. Distal tubule and collecting duct
  4. Descending limb of loop of Henle
  5. Glomerulus

1 points  

QUESTION 8

  1. The external urethral sphincter is under the voluntary control of what somatic motor nerve? 
  2. pudendal
  3. phrenic
  4. sacral 
  5. femoral

1 points  

QUESTION 9

  1. The only manifestation of cystitis in an older adult may be development of: 
  2. confusion
  3. headache
  4. pelvic pain
  5. hypertension

1 points  

QUESTION 10

  1. Vitamin D is activated by the kidneys and is stimulated by what hormone? 
  2. calcitonin
  3. ADH
  4. parathyroid hormone
  5. natriuretic peptides

1 points  

QUESTION 11

  1. Cirrhosis and hepatitis can cause: 
  2.  intrahepatic portal hypertension
  3. posthepatic portal hypertension
  4. prehepatic portal hypertension
  5. aortic portal hypertension

1 points  

QUESTION 12

  1. A patient with sudden onset of oliguria with elevated plasma BUN and plasma creatinine levels is experiencing classic symptoms of: 
  2. Renal cancer
  3. Nephrotic syndrome
  4. Calculus lodged in ureter
  5. Acute kidney injury

1 points  

QUESTION 13

  1. A pancreatic enzyme that digests proteins is called ___________________
  2. Trypsin
  3. Amylase
  4. Pepsin
  5. Ptyalin

1 points  

QUESTION 14

  1. Which of these structures are located in the renal cortex? 
  2. Glomeruli, proximal tubules, and renal corpuscles
  3. Glomeruli,  distal tubules, and pyramids
  4. Collecting ducts, distal tubules, and pyramids
  5. Collecting ducts,  proximal tubules, and renal corpuscles

1 points  

QUESTION 15

  1. The increased renal excretion of sodium and water is caused by what substance?  
  2. Anti diuretic hormone
  3. Angiotenson
  4. Amino acids 
  5. Natriuretic peptides

1 points  

QUESTION 16

  1. Cells that metabolize nutrients, detoxify chemicals, secrete bile, synthesize albumin and clotting factors, and other functions are called? 
  2. Kupffer cells
  3. Pancreatic acinar cells
  4. Hepatocytes
  5. Parietal cells

1 points  

QUESTION 17

  1.  The center of every villus has a lymphatic capillary that is known as a _______________ that is important for absorption of _______________ molecules.
  2. lacteal, protein
  3. sinusoid, protein
  4. lacteal, fat
  5. sinusoid, fat

1 points  

QUESTION 18

  1. A patient with severe colicky flank pain radiating to the groin, nausea and vomiting, and some hematuria is experiencing classic symptoms of: 
  2. Renal cancer
  3. Nephrotic syndrome
  4. Calculus lodged in ureter
  5. Acute kidney injury

1 points  

QUESTION 19

  1. The concentration gradient of the renal interstitium increases from the cortex to the tip of the medulla, this causes the urine to: 
  2. Become more concentrated 
  3. Become more dilute 
  4. To leak through the basement membrane 
  5. To help retain nutrients in the blood

1 points  

QUESTION 20

  1. Para-aminohippuric acid is  used to estimate what? 
  2. effective renal blood flow
  3. glomerular filtration rate
  4. protein metabolism 
  5. renal artery pressure

1 points  

Answer & Explanation
Verified Solved by verified expert
<p>itur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus a molestie consequat, ultrices ac magna. Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pe</p> Fusce dui lectus, congue vel laoreet ac, dictum vitae odio. Donec aliquet

Unlock full access to Course Hero

Explore over 16 million step-by-step answers from our library

Subscribe to view answer
  1. lectus, congue vel laore
  2. ec aliquet. Lorem ips
  3. molestie co
  4. ctum vitae odio
  5. m ipsum dolo
  6. itur laoreet. Nam risus a
  7. pulvinar tortor nec facil
Student reviews
88% (8 ratings)