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QUESTION 7 1. An acidic urinary pH significantly increases the risk...

QUESTION 7

1. An acidic urinary pH significantly increases the risk for what type of urinary stone formation?  

 

magnesium phosphate 

 

uric acid

 

calcium phosphate

 

potassium phosphate 

1 points  

QUESTION 8

1. Severe right-sided heart failure can cause: 

 

intrahepatic portal hypertension

 

posthepatic portal hypertension

 

prehepatic portal hypertension

 

aortic portal hypertension

1 points  

QUESTION 9

1. A gastric enzyme that digests proteins is called __________________

 

Trypsin

 

Amylase

 

Pepsin

 

Ptyalin

1 points  

QUESTION 10

1. Hypoxia causes the kidney to secrete what hormone? 

 

catecholamines

 

erythropoietin

 

epinephrine 

 

cortisol

1 points  

QUESTION 11

1. The functional glomeruli are located in what part of the kidney?

 

cortex

 

medulla

 

epithelium

 

Hiluh

1 points  

QUESTION 12

1. A salivary enzyme that digests carbohydrates is called __________________

 

Trypsin

 

Amylase

 

Pepsin

 

Ptyalin

1 points  

QUESTION 13

1. Women who have symptoms of cystitis for more than 6 weeks with negative urine cultures may have:

 

aseptic cystitis

 

interstitial cystitis

 

septic cystitis

 

pyelonephritis

1 points  

QUESTION 14

1. Cells that remove bacteria and foreign particles from blood in the hepatic sinusoids are called? 

 

Kupffer cells

 

Pancreatic acinar cells

 

Hepatocytes

 

Parietal cells

1 points  

QUESTION 15

1. The microvilli on the intestinal brush border contain what enzymes? 

 

oligopeptides

 

amino acids

 

gastrin 

 

amylase

1 points  

QUESTION 16

1. Secretion of potassium, ammonia, and H1; site of action of aldosterone and ADH occurs in what portion of the kidney? 

 

Proximal tubule

 

Distal tubule and collecting duct

 

Descending limb of loop of Henle

 

Glomerulus

1 points  

QUESTION 17

1. Reabsorption of large amounts of sodium, water, glucose, amino acids; net reabsorption of bicarbonate; secretion of H1, organic acids, and many medications occurs in what portion of the kidney? 

 

Proximal tubule

 

Distal tubule and collecting duct

 

Descending limb of loop of Henle

 

Glomerulus

1 points  

QUESTION 18

1. Bile acid are recycled by the body and absorbed via:  


 

portal circulation 

 

enterohepatic circulation

 

biliary circulation

 

splenic circulation

1 points  

QUESTION 19

1. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis can cause what type of acute kidney injury? 

 

pre-renal

 

intra-renal

 

post-renal

1 points  

QUESTION 20

1. The plasma BUN level is an unreliable measure of renal function because: 

 

BUN has no relationship to renal function 

 

BUN varies because of multiple factors such as dehydration and protein intake 

 

Serum sodium levels increase the BUN falsely

 

Serum potassium levels render the BUN inaccurate as a measure of renal function. 

Answer & Explanation
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