View the step-by-step solution to:

An antibiotic is a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms.

An antibiotic is a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms. The use of antibiotics has been of paramount importance in the battle against many infectious diseases that are caused by microorganisms. In the case of many antibiotics, their mode of action is to inhibit the translation process within bacterial cells. Certain antibiotics selectively bind to bacterial (70S) ribosomes but do not inhibit eukaryotic (80S) ribosomes. Their ability to inhibit translation can occur at different steps in the translation process. For example, tetracycline prevents the attachment of tRNA to the ribosome while erythromycin inhibits the translocation of the ribosome along the mRNA. Why would an antibiotic bind to a bacterial ribosome but not to a eukaryotic ribosome? How does inhibition of translation by antibiotics such as tetracycline prevent bacterial growth

Recently Asked Questions

Why Join Course Hero?

Course Hero has all the homework and study help you need to succeed! We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors.

-

Educational Resources
  • -

    Study Documents

    Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. Share your own to gain free Course Hero access.

    Browse Documents
  • -

    Question & Answers

    Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Satisfaction guaranteed!

    Ask a Question