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1 - Inductive reasoning  A. makes claims that are probably based...

1 - Inductive reasoning 

  • A. makes claims that are probably based on the premises
  •  B. argues from the general to the specific
  •  C. draws a logical conclusion that is necessarily based on the premises


2- In a valid argument, the conclusion 

  • A. sometimes follow the premises
  •  B. has no relationship to the premises
  •  C. must logically follow the premises


3 - Analogies 

  • A. help us learn
  •  B. play no role in our development
  •  C. have no place in critical thinking


4 - Analogies 

  • A. are persuasive and help us to clarify complex ideas
  •  B. can confuse critical thinkers
  •  C. are arguments where the conclusions are supported by two premises,


5 - Causal arguments 

  • A. claim that something did or did not cause something else
  •  B. are powerful because they capture our imaginations, are persuasive and help us to clarify complex ideas
  •  C. refers to a relationship between two events that occurs more regularly than probability allows for

6 - Correlation 

  • A. makes claims that are probably based on the premises
  •  B. refers to a relationship between two events that occurs more regularly than probability allows for
  •  C. claims that something did or did not cause something else

7 - Moral reasoning 

  • A. is a thinking process involved in deciding whether an act is right or wrong
  •  B. if you honestly believe that something is right for you, then it is moral
  •  C. is not influenced by social cognitive skills


8 - Ethical subjectivism 

  • A. considers all opinions to be equally reasonable, making it one of the strongest arguments
  •  B. argues one should live up to what others expect
  •  C. argues that morality is whatever feels right for you
  •  D. argues that morality is whatever is normal or customary for a certain culture

9 - Cultural relativism 

  • A. acknowledges personal opinion
  •  B. acknowledges universal moral principles
  •  C. argues that morality is whatever feels right for you
  •  D. argues that morality is whatever is normal or customary for a certain culture

10 - Deductive reasoning 

  • A. draws a logical conclusion that is necessarily based on the premises
  •  B. argues from the specific to the general
  •  C. makes claims that are probably based on the premises

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