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9 Leadership Learning Objectives What We Will Be Investigating What are the different kinds of leadership style? How do contrasting leadership models...

Is there a particular type of group that uses a particular leadership approach and Why do you think this is the case? (two paragraphs minimum)
9 Leadership Learning Objectives What We Will Be Investigating • What are the diferent kinds oF leadership style? • How do contrasting leadership models aFFect group perFormance? • What are the advantages and disadvantages oF an autocratic leadership approach? • How do leaders wield in±uence over groups and their dynamics? Los66308_09_c09_p179-200.indd 179 9/1/11 10:25 AM
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CHAPTER 9 Introduction Chapter Outline “Te task of the leader is to get his people Fom where they are to where they have not been.” —Henry Kissinger Riggio (2009) discusses the Czech Republic’s velvet revolution where the shared leader- ship model was used instead of the usual great man model . Leadership was dispersed amongst many groups instead of being centered around one figure (For a starter, see the Velvet Revolution in Related Web Links at the end of the chapter). Most would evaluate this shift in management (and management style) from an earlier command-style econ- omy to a more democratic model as a success. In 1996, Al Dunlap took over the Sunbeam Corporation. Having a reputation for turning around struggling companies and increasing their overall value and stock price, Dunlap seemed to work magic with Sunbeam as well. By 1997, Sunbeam reported record earnings; in 1998, its stock was at an all-time high. But as do many magic tricks, Dunlap’s seemed to involve some illusion. Suspicions about accounting practices led to Dunlap being sued by the Securities and Exchange Commission in 2001; shortly thereafter, Sunbeam filed for bankruptcy. In 2009, named Dunlap the sixth worst CEO of all time. Most would evaluate this story as definitely not a success. Must groups have a boss or a leader? Does the need for a leader differ by type of group? Would the kind of leadership provided by a school principal, or a corporate CEO differ? We know that a large proportion of start-up companies fail in their first couple of years; how much of that is due to leadership, as opposed, say, to lack of capital? And what, specifically, do leaders do? How do they influence? Do they guide, structure, or support? Provide vision? Dominate or dictate? Is leadership part of one’s personality, that is, a set of character traits? Is leadership a set of skills that we can learn? Is it some- thing akin to math—some people catch on faster, but nearly everyone can learn the basics? The answers are critical because so many situations require leadership. While we often glorify or vilify vivid individuals—Adolph Hitler, Franklin or Eleanor Roosevelt, Martin 9.1 What Is Leadership? True Leadership: A Question of Conformity Versus Compliance Three Leadership Styles: Autocratic, Demo- cratic, Laissez-Faire Defining the Autocratic Leader 9.2 Strong Leadership: Innate or Learned? Trait Perspective Situational Perspective on Leadership 9.3 Beyond the Person: How Leaders Are Chosen 9.4 Two Types of Leaders: Task Leader and Socioemotional Leader 9.5 Processes of Leadership Three Styles of Influence Contingency Models: Situational Factors That Affect Process Leadership and Groupthink 9.6 Do Groups Really Need Leaders? 9.7 A Leadership Checklist: Ensuring Strong Leaders and Productive Groups 180 Los66308_09_c09_p179-200.indd 180 9/1/11 10:25 AM
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Is there a particular type of group that uses a particular leadership approach and why do you
think this is the case?
(Two paragraphs minimum)
Solution: There are six types of leadership style:a....

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