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Frederick Taylor believed that decisions based upon tradition and rules of thumb should be replaced by precise procedures developed after careful...

"Is Taylorism Strategic In This Modern Business Environment?" at least 2 pages

Frederick Taylor  believed that decisions based upon tradition and rules of thumb should be replaced by  precise procedures developed after careful study of an individual at work. Its application is contingent on a  high level of managerial control over employee work practices. Taylorism is a variation on the theme of efficiency; it is a late-19th-and-early-20th-century instance of the  larger recurring theme in human life of increasing efficiency, decreasing waste, and using empirical  methods to decide what matters, rather than uncritically accepting pre-existing ideas of what matters.  Thus it is a chapter in the larger narrative that also includes, for example, the folk wisdom of thrift, time  and  motion  study, Fordism, and  lean  manufacturing. It overlapped  considerably with  the Efficiency  Movement, which was the broader cultural echo of scientific management's impact on business managers  specifically. In management literature today, the greatest use of the concept of Scientific Management (or Taylorism) is  as a contrast to a new, improved way of doing business. In political and sociological terms, Taylorism can  be seen as the division of labour pushed to its logical extreme, with a consequent de-skilling of the worker  and dehumanisation of the workplace. Criticism on Scientific Management Applications of scientific management sometimes fail to account for two inherent difficulties: It ignores individual differences: the most efficient way of working for one person may be  inefficient for another; It ignores the fact that the economic interests of workers and management are rarely identical, so  that both the measurement processes and the retraining required by Taylor's methods would  frequently be resented and sometimes sabotaged by the workforce. Both difficulties were recognised by  Taylor , but are generally not fully addressed by managers who only  see the potential improvements to efficiency. Taylor believed that scientific management cannot work  unless the worker benefits. In his view management should arrange the work in such a way that one is  able to produce more and get paid more, by teaching and implementing more efficient procedures for  producing a product. Although Taylor did not compare workers with machines, some of his critics use this metaphor to explain  how his approach makes work more efficient by removing unnecessary or wasted effort. However, some  would say that this approach ignores the complications introduced because workers are necessarily  human: personal needs, interpersonal difficulties and the very real difficulties introduced by making jobs  so efficient that workers have no time to relax. As a result, workers worked harder, but became  dissatisfied with the work environment. Some have argued that this discounting of worker personalities led  to the rise of labour unions. It can also be said that the rise in labour unions is leading to a push on the part of industry to accelerate  the process of automation, a process that is undergoing a renaissance with the invention of a host of new  technologies starting with the computer and the Internet. This shift in production to machines was clearly  one of the goals of Taylorism (or Scientific Management), and represents a victory for his theories. However, tactfully choosing to ignore the still controversial process of automating human work is also  politically expedient, so many still say that practical problems caused by Taylorism led to its replacement  by the human relations school of management in 1930. Others (Braverman 1974) insisted that human  relations did not replace Taylorism but that both approaches are rather complementary: Taylorism (or 
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Scientific Management) determining the actual organisation of the work process and human relations  helping to adapt the workers to the new procedures.
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Is Taylorism Strategic In This Modern Business Environment
In this modern business environment we will find different management principles being
practiced in organization but their ultimate source...

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