Canadian Commercial Law
Please don't just answer the question. Indicate all the issues involved in the following format: (state the issue, state the law, and analysis). Follow the same format for all issues for each case. In the analysis make sure to give viewpoints from both sides so that the answer is objective.
1) Ravi owned a rental property near a university. For several years, Ravi had rented the house to Alice while she completed her university studies. Alice was very fond of the house and had painted it and made a number of upgrades during her tenancy. She and Ravi had talked casually from time to time about the possibility of her purchasing the house from Ravi. In January (about four months before her graduation), Ravi told Alice that he would be willing to sell her the house when she graduated for its “market value.”
Alice graduated in April but did not find employment until August of that year. On August 15, while on holiday celebrating her new job, she posted a letter to Ravi stating that she was ‘accepting his offer’ to sell the house for ‘market value’.
Unaware of Alice’s letter, on August 17 Ravi entered into a contract to sell the property to a property developer. He received Alice’s letter on August 18.
Advise the parties of their rights and determine the probable outcome should Alice bring legal action against Ravi.
2) Millie, a 76–year–old widow, lives in an older house in an upscale neighborhood. Millie has no children of her own but has always been particularly close to her niece, Sylvia, who moved in with Millie four years ago. In recent years, Millie’s health has been poor and she takes a number of medications that sometimes cause her to be forgetful and tired.
In the four years since Sylvia moved in, Millie has become more and more dependent on her. Sylvia has gradually assumed all of the duties relating to Millie’s care, including feeding her, helping her buy clothes, and paying her bills. Millie is very grateful to Sylvia as she has long feared having to move to a senior’s home. One day Sylvia approached Millie about transferring the house to her. She told Millie that in exchange for transferring the house into her name, she would let Millie continue to live in the house and would continue to care for her and ensure she never had to move to a senior’s residence. Last week, Sylvia brought a lawyer to the house and presented Millie with a “transfer of land” document (she was told). Though she could not read the document without her missing glasses, Millie signed it. Millie is now having second thoughts about the transfer.
Advise Millie about her legal position.
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