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1.during replication, what enzyme opens up or unzips H-bonds between nitrogen bases?_____________ 2. what is the name of the bonds between two

1.during replication, what enzyme opens up or unzips H-bonds between nitrogen bases?_____________

2. what is the name of the bonds between two deoxyriboses in DNA? ___________________________

4. lipolysis is the breakdown of________

5. in the metabolism of glucose, the end product of glycolysis is two molecule of ____________ which cannot be stored.

6.what are essential aminoacids?______________

7.The following are required for metabolism: vitamins, enzymes, metals, ATP, coenzyme A, and the electron carriers ______ and ____.

8.____ this is electron carrier takes electrons from complex I to complex III

9. What is the function of kinases in glycolysis?

11. the metabolism of glucose in anaerobic conditions can produce ____ _____

12. Main goal of metabolism is to store energy in the molecule of ______ through their phosphoanhydride bond.

15. How is NAD+ regenerated in highly active muscle?

16. The end product of glycolysis is not stored, it can form ethanol, ______ or ______

17. The link molecule between glycolysis and the citric acid cycle is the molecule of ____

18. Carbons in CAC cycle get oxidized to ________ and electrons exit as reduced coenzymes ______ and ______, while one equivalent to ATP, _________ high energy molecule is produced.

19. NADH and FADH2 in the citric acid cycle will enter the ________

20. Electrons charging membrane proteins and cytochrome help the creation of a _________ gradient.

21. When protons return via ________ enzyme ATP is released

22. In the oxidative phosphorylation oxygen is reduced to ____________

23. Another name for the electron transport chain is cellular _______________

24. Metabolism of fatty acids requires the ______________

25. Two carbon units are removed in each turn during __________________ fatty acids.

26. Cythochromes are enzymes that _________________ which are part of the

27. The byproducts of the oxidative phosphorylation are NAD+, FAD, ________________ and ____________

28. What is beta oxidation of fatty acids?

29. the function of the proton gradient is______________?

30. what is the function of ketone bodies.?______________________

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