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A set of 6 commonly used reagents includes: one amide, an amine, an alcohol, a carboxylic acid, an ester and a

ketone. The drums used to fill decant these 6 chemicals have been poorly labelled with only the molecular formula.

(a). Complete the table below to identify the chemical class (functional group) present in each drum.


(b) Give the IUPAC names of the ketone and the carboxylic acid.

           (hint: it will help to draw their structures first, giving them 3 carbon atoms)

(c) Although smelling chemicals is generally not recommended, it is noticed that one of the C3H6O2 chemicals has a sweet aroma like rum. The other is pungent, reminiscent of body odour. Identify which functional group is in each drum.

  • Functional group of sweet smelling C3H6O2 compound: 



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