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8. Draw the Lewis structures for CO2 and CO, and predict the number

of σ and π bonds for each molecule.( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)


(a) CO2 (b) CO 




What is the hybridization of the central atom in each of the following?( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)

-
(a) BeH2
 (b) SF6
 (c) PO4 3−
 d.) PCl5






16. Two important industrial chemicals, ethene, C2H4, and propene, C3H6, are produced by the steam (or thermal) cracking process: ( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)


2C3 H8(g) ⟶ C2 H4(g) + C3 H6(g) + CH4(g) + H2(g)




 24. For the carbonate ion, CO3 2−, raw all of the resonance structures. Id entify which orbitals overlap to create each bond . ( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)










 38. Calculate the bond order for an ion with this configuration:( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)


(σ)2(σ*)2(σ )2(π ,π )4(π*,π*)3






40. Predict the valence electron molecular orbital configurations for the following, and state whether they will be stable or unstable ions.( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)


(a) Na2 2+
b) Mg2 2+
c) Al2 2+
) Si2 2+
e) P2 2+
f) S2 2+
g) F2 2+
h) Ar2 2+




42. For the first ionization energy for an N2 molecule, what molecular orbital is the electron removed from? ( please show the breakdown and how you obtain the answer)

Step-by-step answer

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Subject: Chemistry, Science

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