1.What is the term for a solution that contains the maximum amount of solute that can dissolve at a given temperature? a. concentrated b. saturated
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Question

1.     What is the term for a solution that contains the maximum amount

of solute that can dissolve at a given temperature?
a. concentrated
b. saturated
     c. supersaturated
     d. unsaturated


2. What is the term for a solution that contains more solute than is ordinarily soluble at a given temperature?
     a. concentrated
     b. saturated
     c. supersaturated
     d. unsaturated


3. What is the term for a solution that contains less than the maximum amount of solute that can
dissolve at a given temperature?
a. dilute
b. saturated
c. supersaturated
d. unsaturated




4. When some sugar added to iced tea remains undissolved at the bottom of the glass, the solution   
     is
a. dilute
b. polar
c. nonpolar
d. unsaturated
e. saturated


  5. A solution is made by dissolving a small amount of salt in a beaker of water. The water is referred to as the
a.
precipitate
b.
filtrate
c.
solvent
d.
solute
 
6.  In a solution, the solvent
       a. is a liquid
       b. can be a liquid or a gas
       c. can be a solid, liquid, or a gas
       d. is never a solid
 
 7. Suppose a solution contains 200 grams of water and 15 grams of sugar. Which of the following statements is true?
a.
Sugar would be classified as the solvent.
b.
Water would be classified as the solvent.
c.
Either component could be classified as the solvent.
d.
More than one response is correct.
 
8. What is the term that refers to liquids that dissolve completely in one another?
       a. immiscible
       b. insoluble
       c. miscible
       d. soluble.


9. Which of the following illustrates the like dissolves like rule for two liquids?
       a. A polar solvent is miscible with a nonpolar solvent.
       b. A polar solvent is immiscible with a polar solvent.
       c. A nonpolar solvent is miscible with a nonpolar solvent.
       d. A nonpolar solvent is miscible with a polar solvent.


10. Apply like dissolves like rule to predict which of the following liquids is miscible with water
       a. carbon tetrachloride, CCl4
       b. ethanol, C2H5OH
       c. toluene, C7H8
       d. all of the above.


11. How many moles of CaCl2 are in 250 ml of a 3.0 M of CaCl2 solution?
      a. 750 moles
      b. 1.3 moles
      c. 83 moles
      d. 0.75 mole


  12. What is the molarity of a solution containing 5.0 moles of KCl in 2.0 L of solution?
a.
2.5 M
b.
1.0 M
c.
5.0 M
d.
10. M


 
 13. Which of the following substances could behave as an Arrhenius base?
a.
Na2CO3
b.
Na3PO4
c.
K2S
d.
KOH
 
 
   14. According to the Arrhenius theory, what is produced when an acid dissolves in water?
a.
H+
b.
OH-
c.
H3O+
d.

 
 
 
  15. Identify all Brønsted base(s) in the following reaction
         
 
a.
H2O
b.

c.
OH-
d.
More than one response is correct
 
 
  16.  Which of the following is present in pure water?
a.
H3O+
b.
OH-
c.
H2O
d.
more than one response is correct
 
 
 17. A water solution is found to have a molar OH- concentration of 3.2 ´ 10-5. The solution would be classified as
a.
acidic
b.
basic
c.
neutral
d.
can't be classified
 
  18. Which of the following is a property of acid solutions?
a.
sour taste
b.
slippery feel
c.
change red litmus to blue
d.
more than one response is correct
 
 
  19. A solution for which [H+] = 1.0 ´ 10-3 will have a pH of
 
a.
5.00
b.
3.00
c.
-5.00
d.
-9.00
 
 
  20. The molar concentration of OH- in a water solution is 1.0 ´ 10-9. The pH of the solution is
a.
9.00
b.
5.00
c.
> 9.00
d.
< 5.00
 
 
  21.  The molar concentration of H+ ions in a solution is 5.8 ´ 10-9. The pH is
a.
9.00
b.
5.80
c.
between 8.00 and 9.00
d.
between 9.00 and 10.00
 
 
  22.  A solution for which [OH-] = 3.0 ´ 10-10 is classified as
a.
acidic
b.
basic
c.
neutral
d.
more than one response is correct
 
 
  23.  A solution has a pH of 11.60. The value of [H+] is
a.
2.5 ´ 10-4
b.
4.0 ´ 10-3
c.
4.0 ´ 10-11
d.
2.5 ´ 10-12
 
   24. For Kw, the ion product of [H3O+] and [OH-] is
 
a.
1 x 10-14
b.
1 x 10-7
c.
1 x 10-1
d.
1
 
   25.   In which of the following are the pH values arranged from the most basic to the most acidic?
a.
1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 14
b.
2, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11
c.
14, 10, 7 4, 3, 1
d.
either acid or base
 
 
  26.  A solution with a pH of 4 is
abcd.
. Extremely acidic
. moderately acidic
. Neutral
. Slightly basic
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
  27. Which of the following is true if the pH of an aqueous solution increases?
         a. The hydrogen ion concentration increases
         b. The hydroxide ion decreases.
         c. The hydroxide ion concentration increases.
 
 
  28. Which of the following is true if the hydrogen ion concentration of an aqueous solution increases?
        a. The pH increases.
        b. The hydroxide ion concentration increases.
        c. The hydroxide ion concentration decreases.
        d. The Kw increases.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. According to the Bronsted-Lowry definition
 
a.      an acid is a proton acceptor
b.     a base produces H+ ions in aqueous solutions
c.      a base is a proton donor
d.     a base is a proton acceptor
 
 
30. A solution is prepared by adding 25.0 mL of 1.30 M AlCl3 solution to a flask, and then adding enough water to give a final volume of 200.0 mL. What is the molarity of the solution?
 
a.
0.260
b.
0.163
c.
6.50
d.
1.24
 


31. Which of the following would be considered a strong electrolyte?
a.
salt
b.
sugar
c.
acetic acid
d.
all of the choices
 
 
32. An ion in solution that is surrounded by water is a(n) ____ ion.
a.
hydrated
b.
osmotic
c.
saturated
d.
colloid
 
 

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