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Grammar I: Question Words as Indefinites You've learnt the following QWs: Tips:How do you know when to use which QW?

Grammar I: Question Words as Indefinites

• You've learnt the following QWs:什麼、哪裡、誰、怎麼、幾、多少、多久

• Tips:How do you know when to use which QW? Listen or read first, and then

look for the QW. If you couldn't find the QW, '怎麼' is likely to be the QW you

need to use in the sentence.

• Don't forget that you use '沒' because you did NOT do it. You want to 'negate a

completed action' so don't put '了' in the sentence. Explanatory sentence, on the

other hand, can have '了'; for example, '我只喝了一杯水'.

✓ S 沒 V + QW QW 可以是:什麼、哪裡、誰

✓ 沒 V 多少/多久 V 不多 / 久 ,Example:沒吃多少、沒睡多久

1. 都沒 V(O)。

2. 只 V 一點 (O) or 不重要。 →S 沒 V + QW,(S) 只 V...

3. 不想說。

✓ 不怎麼 + V/SV 「不太 V/SV」的意思。

✓ 沒 V + 幾 + Measure Word (+N) →S +沒 V 幾 MW (N),(S) 只 V...

1. 我沒吃什麼,我只吃了一個蘋果。

2. 我沒買什麼。(我買了很多東西,可是我不想說。)

3. 沒有誰喜歡上課。 4. 天氣不怎麼熱。

5. 沒有幾個人喜歡喝咖啡,只有兩個(人)喜歡。

6. 他沒跑多久,只跑了五分鐘。

7. 他說他沒吃多少。(他不想說他吃了很多。)

• Answers from those whom you ask should comply

with the following rules:

1 都沒 V(O) 2只 V 一點(O) or 不重要 3不想說

4不怎麼 SV/V 5沒 V +幾+ Measure Word (+N)

1. 你上個週末到哪裡去了?___________________________________。

2. 你今天早上吃什麼了?_____________________________________。

3. 你喜歡寫中文字嗎?(Try the tips) ____________________________。

4. 你覺得說英文難不難?(Try the tips) __________________________。

5. 你上個星期運動了多久?___________________________________。

6. 你現在有多少錢?_________________________________________。

7. 你最近買了什麼東西?_____________________________________。

8. 你有幾個外國朋友?_______________________________________。

Grammar III: (S) 快/快要/要 V(O) 了 S (Time When) 就(要)V(O)了

1. 現在是 2018 年 3 月。我們 3 月 29 日放假。


2. 我們星期三下午都六點下課,可是今天老師說我們五點半下課。


3. 姊姊打算明年去旅行,可是她最近決定 (to decide) 要今年去旅行。


4. 復活節 (Easter holiday) 是 2018 年 4 月 1 日。


5. 我們覺得我們是下下個月考試的,可是老師說下個月考。


6. 現在是下午 5 點 30 分,公車 5 點 40 分開。


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