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As described in the introduction to this exercise, citations are very important in the scientific literature. They

show where ideas or techniques came from, who has done similar work, and more. The Web of Science used to be called the Science Citation Index, and started out keeping track of citations in scientific papers. This allows you to work forward and back. For example, search on Alley RB, and find the paper from 2004 first-authored by then-graduate-student (now professor) Byron R. Parizek, published in Quaternary Science Reviews. This is an important paper on the future of ice sheets and sea level. If you click on the blue title of the paper, you will see "Times Cited:" in black, followed by a number in blue (that number increases over time), and "References: 67" with "67" in blue. Clicking on the blue "67" will tell you all of the papers that Byron Parizek relied on in preparing his paper. Clicking on the blue number after "Times Cited" will tell you all of the papers who have cited Byron Parizek's paper, and thus are relying on it. Click on the "Times Cited" number. There are a few pages of papers citing the Parizek and Alley paper. In 2005, who was the first author of the Journal of Glaciology paper about the 2004 heatwave in Alaska, that cited the Parizek and Alley paper?

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