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Hi, I would very much appreciate it if you answer the below questions. The class is AJ 2 Introduction to Criminal Justice Thank you for your time and effort.

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46, All of the following are examples of cybercrime EXCEPT: A identity then, B, digital child pornography, C. money laundering D. online fraud schemes. 47. , according to the United States Code, is premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against non—combatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience A. Terrorism B, Cybercrime C. Civil disorder D, A hate crime 48, Which statement is most true when it comes to law enforcement and cybercrime? A The laws worldwide have kept up with technology B, The laws in the United States have kept up with technology. C. The laws in the United States have not kept up with technology D. All law enforcement agencies have special units to investigate cybercrime. 49. is a criminal offense committed because of the victim's race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or other group affiliation, A A hate crime B. Civil disorder C. Terrorism D. Cybercrime 50. is a disturbance by a group of people that is symptomatic of a major socio-political problem A Hate crime B. Civil disorder C, Cybercrime Di Terrorism Name three (3) contemporary challenges facing law enforcement and for each, what has Law enforcement done to help combat those challenges?

40. In adult criminal cases, offenders are found guilty. In juvenile crime cases, offenders are: A. adjudicated delinquent. B, adjudicated criminaL C. found guilty. D, adjudicated guilty. 41, A com record that is made inaccessible is: A expunged. B, discarded, C. filed. D, sealed. 42. Johnny used his computer to hack into his school's records system. He changed all his grades to "A"s. Johnny has committed: A a cybercrime. B. online stalking. C, terrorism D, identity thefi, 43, Which law enforcement function that is still developing may be the most important of the twenty-first century? A Protection B. Intelligence C, Emergency response D. Interrogation 44. Alter the 9/11 terrorist attacks, nonfederal authorities began forming that pool and analyze infummtion from many jurisdictions, A regional centers B. collaborative centers C, intelligence centers D. fusion centers 45. is the application of the knowledge and methods used in computer science to law enforcement purposes, A Computer programming B, Computer networking C. Computer forensics D, Computer wiring

33. Which is NOT a status offense? A Spray-painting graffiti B. Running away from home C. School truancy Di Curfew violation 34. What was the purpose of the creation of a separate juvenile court system? A. Rehabilitation B. Deterrence C. Retribution D. Vengeance 35. Which of the following is n FALSE statement about the constitutional rights ofjuveniles'] A Juveniles have the right to an attorney. B, Juveniles' due process rights are more limited than adults due process rights C. Juveniles have no special rights regarding interrogation. D. Juveniles have the right to a jury trial, 36. During which decade did the US. Supreme Court start mandating that juveniles be provided more constitutional protection in juvenile court? A 1960s B. 18905 C, 1920s D. 19905 37. The In re Gaul! decision entitled juveniles to all of the following rights EXCEPT the right to: A a jury trial. B. take the assistance of an attorney. C, be notified of the charges against them. D. confi'ont and cross»examine witnesses. 38. Adjudication hearings resemble criminal trials EXCEPT: A. there is no jury determining if the prosecution has met its burden of proof. B. there are no transcripts made of the proceedings. C. the juvenile is not entitled to be represented by an attorney. D. the case is brought by a prosecutor. 39. Don was placed in a diversion programl Which of the following coldd be his destination? A. Prison B, A detention center C. A substance-abuse program D, Jail

27, Jim has been convicted of a nonviolent offense and has been sentenced by the judge to spend 100 unpaid hours working in a local playground that is being painted and rebuilt, Jim has been sentenced to: A parole. B, community service C. probation. D, restitution. 28, Many states use to monitor sex offenders. A specialized parole agents B. ankle tethers C, GPS tracking devices D. home confinement 29, A(n) is an intermediate sanction that is used in place of incarceration. A prison B. diversion c, jail D, arson 30. Puren: patriae literally means: A parent of the children. B. government of the country. C, parent of the country. D. government of the children. 31. According to English common law, children under could not be criminally prosecuted because they were considered too young to form criminal intent. A3 13.7 C5 D.9 32. The policy ofparem patriae gives the authority to make decisions about children. A. parents B, police C. child savers D. government

22. Jeff is under community supervision in Los Angeles County for committing a felony. He has a prior record, so his community supervision entails mandated restitution, house arrest, and biweekly meetings with his probation officer. Jeff is most likely serving: A. rehabilitative probation. B. intensive-supervision probation. C. mandatory arrest. D. traditional probation. 23. One of the responsibilities of the probation officer is to create a report for a judge that includes information on an offender's criminal history, employment and education history, and mental and physical health, among other things. This report is then used by the judge when he or she is sentencing the offender. This report is called the: A. presentence memorandum. B. conviction report C. sentencing guide. D. presentence investigation. 24. In addition to information about the offender and his or her past, the probation officer includes a in the presentence investigation. A. risk assessment on releasing the offender B. fine amount C. prediction on future offense D. restitution amount 25. Sally has just finished serving an 8-10 year prison sentence for a drug offense. She has been released, but is not completely free of criminal justice supervision. She must remain under community supervision for 24 months, during which she must find and maintain employment or education, refrain from drug and alcohol use, and receive permission before she moves or leaves her home county. Sally is on: A. house arrest. B. probation. C. electronic monitoring. D. parole. 26. The goal of parole is to: A. protect society. B. provide a more cost-effective method of supervision. C. reward inmates who follow prison rules. D. perform all of these.

18. Steve, Brandon, and Dylan are three friends who have been convicted of burglary. Afler their sentencing, they are all sent to a prison where they take many tests to determine their programming needs. Afier they complete these less, they are each sent to a different prison. Steve does not have a prior prison record and is considered a nonviolent offender, so he is sent to a prison where he resides in a dormitory-style housing unit and has a great deal of freedom of movement. Brandon, like Steve, does not have a prior prison record and is sent to a prison where he must share his cell with another inmate, and he does not have very many opportunities for educational or vocational programs Dylan is considered a high security risk given his prior record and his behavior while he was on bail awaiting triali He is sent to a prison where he is subjected to a count at least four times a day and spends very little time outside of his cell. While incarcerated, Dylan is continually in trouble and commits many disciplinary inflections He also severely injures his cellmate when they get into an argument one day Prison administrators ultimately determine that he cannot remain in general popldation and transfer him to a prison where he spends his days alone in his cell and has Very little time outside of his cell He has little or no contact with other inmates or corrections officers. Dylan has been transferred to a -security prison. A minimum B. maximum C. supermaximum Di medium 19. Many states impose restrictions on convicted felons afier they are released from prison. Which of the following is one of these restrictions? A On the right to run for public office B.Ontherighttocarryagun C. 0n the right to vote D All ofthese 20. The main difference between community corrections and institutional corrections is that: A. institutional corrections are more effective than community corrections. B. community corrections allow offenders to serve their sentence in the community. C. community corrections are more focused on rehabilitation. Di institutional corrections are more focused on rehabilitation. 21. There are two goals of probation One is to protect society. The other is to: A reduce recidivism B. rehabilitate the offender, C. deter offenders. D. save money

13. If you were accused of committing a crime and have not been released on bail prior to your trial, you are most likely being held in a: A restitution centerr B. halfway house. C. jail. D. prison. 14. If you have been convicted of a serious violent crime and have been sentenced to eight years of incarceration, you are most likely residing in a: A. restitution center. B. prison C. halfway house. D. jail. 15. is confinement against one's will in the criminal justice system (in a jail or prison) or a mental health facility (a secure psychiatric institution). A. Incarceration B. Arson C. Due process Dr Battery 16. Jack and Jill have both been convicted of possession of illegal drugs and have been sentenced. Jack is sentenced to nine months of incarceration, while Jill has been sentenced to 18 months of incarceration. Jack will most likely serve his sentence in a: A halfway house. B. prison. C. jail. D. restitution center. 17. Jack and Jill have both been convicted of possession of illegal drugs and have been sentenced. Jack is sentenced to nine months of incarceration, while Jill has been sentenced to 18 months of incarceration. Jill will most likely serve her sentence in a: A restitution centerr B. prison. C. halfway house D. jail.

8. In the case of , the U.S. Supreme Court held that the specific laws determining how the death penalty would be administered were unconstitutional. A. Coker v. Georgia B. Furman v. Georgia C. In re Kemmler D. Gregg v. Georgia 9. Jack and Jill are both convicted of driving under the influence. Jack is sentenced to nine months in jail, while Jill is sentenced to six months on probation. Jack's sentence is an example of corrections A. intermediate B. community C. retributional D. institutional 10. Jack and Jill are both convicted of driving under the influence. Jack is sentenced to nine months in jail, while Jill is sentenced to six months on probation. Jill's sentence is an example of _corrections. A. institutional B. retributional C. community D. intermediate 1 1. Eventually, correctional philosophy shifted from punishment to , characterized by changing individuals from offenders into law-abiding citizens. A. rehabilitation B. deterrence C. retribution D. incapacitation 12. Early forms of confinement in England and other European countries were very different from our contemporary prisons and jails. One of the first methods of confinement was a facility where a wide range of people were sent to work; most of these people were not hardened criminals, but were guilty of not paying their debts. Another form of confinement was exporting criminals to other lands, such as the American colonies and Australia. As the American Revolution began, however, England had to find something else to do with their criminals. As a result, they reconfigured abandoned ships to hold criminals on the riverbanks. The other lands that English criminals were often exported to are referred to as: A. hulks. B. slave colonies C. transportation D. penal colonies.

ll A writ ofhabeas corpus is a: A. writ requesting that a new attorney represent the offender. B. writ requesting a judge determine if a person is being legally detained C. writ requesting that an offender be sent for mental treatment instead of being sentenced to jail. D. judicial order requiring that a judge drop the charges against a defendant. 2. The Eighth Amendment protects citizens from: A unreasonable search and seizure. B. self-incrimination. C. false imprisonment Di cruel and unusual punishmenm. 3. If you are incarcerated and feel that you are being confined illegally, you would file a so that the courts would review the constitutionality of your confinement. A civil lawsuit B. writ of certiorari C. lawsuit under Section 1983 of the Civil Rights Act D. habeas corpus petition 4. One of the duties of probation officers is to complete a , which contains information that judges use when sentencing defenders. A. presentence investigation report B. probation report C. conviction review D. sentencing review 5. In addition to the presentence investigation report, a judge will also otter: consider a(n) when sentencing an offender. A statement by the offenders B. victim impact statement C. amicus curiae brief D. habeas corpus petition 6. A is an offender who has been previously convicted of crimes. A deterrence B. battery C. recidivist D. retribution 7. Instead of execution, death row inmates are more likely to A die from natural causes B. commit suicide C. have their case overturned Di face all of these

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