Suppose that flu shots create a positive externality equal to $6 per shot. Further suppose that the government offers a $6-per-shot subsidy to producers. What is the relationship between the equilibrium quantity and the socially optimal quantity of flu shots produced?
They are equal.
The equilibrium quantity is less than the socially optimal quantity.
There is not enough information to answer the question.
The equilibrium quantity is greater than the socially optimal quantity.
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