Specialization and trade When a country has a comparative advantage in the production of a good, it means that it can produce this good at a lower...
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4. Specialization and trade

When a country has a comparative advantage in the production of a good, it means that it can produce this good at a lower opportunity cost than its trading partner. Then the country will specialize in the production of this good and trade it for other goods.

The following graphs show the production possibilities frontiers (PPFs) for Candonia and Lamponia. Both countries produce grain and sugar, each initially (i.e., before specialization and trade) producing 12 million pounds of grain and 6 million pounds of sugar, as indicated by the grey stars marked with the letter A.


Candonia

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SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A










Lamponia

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SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A









Candonia has a comparative advantage in the production of    , while Lamponia has a comparative advantage in the production of    . Suppose that Candonia and Lamponia specialize in the production of the goods in which each has a comparative advantage. After specialization, the two countries can produce a total ofmillion pounds of sugar andmillion pounds of grain.

Suppose that Candonia and Lamponia agree to trade. Each country focuses its resources on producing only the good in which it has a comparative advantage. The countries decide to exchange 12 million pounds of grain for 12 million pounds of sugar. This ratio of goods is known as the price of trade between Candonia and Lamponia.

The following graph shows the same PPF for Candonia as before, as well as its initial consumption at point A. Place a black point (plus symbol) on the graph to indicate Candonia's consumption after trade.

Note: Dashed drop lines will automatically extend to both axes.


Candonia

Consumption After Trade

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SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A














The following graph shows the same PPF for Lamponia as before, as well as its initial consumption at point A.

As you did for Candonia, place a black point (plus symbol) on the following graph to indicate Lamponia's consumption after trade.


Lamponia

Consumption After Trade

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SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A














True or False: Without engaging in international trade, Candonia and Lamponia would have been able to consume at the after-trade consumption bundles. (Hint: Base this question on the answers you previously entered on this page.)

True

False


4. Specialization and trade

When a country has a comparative advantage in the production of a good, it means that it can produce this good at a lower opportunity cost than its trading partner. Then the country will specialize in the production of this good and trade it for other goods.

The following graphs show the production possibilities frontiers (PPFs) for Candonia and Lamponia. Both countries produce grain and sugar, each initially (i.e., before specialization and trade) producing 12 million pounds of grain and 6 million pounds of sugar, as indicated by the grey stars marked with the letter A.


Candonia

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A










Lamponia

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A









Candonia has a comparative advantage in the production of    , while Lamponia has a comparative advantage in the production of    . Suppose that Candonia and Lamponia specialize in the production of the goods in which each has a comparative advantage. After specialization, the two countries can produce a total ofmillion pounds of sugar andmillion pounds of grain.

Suppose that Candonia and Lamponia agree to trade. Each country focuses its resources on producing only the good in which it has a comparative advantage. The countries decide to exchange 12 million pounds of grain for 12 million pounds of sugar. This ratio of goods is known as the price of trade between Candonia and Lamponia.

The following graph shows the same PPF for Candonia as before, as well as its initial consumption at point A. Place a black point (plus symbol) on the graph to indicate Candonia's consumption after trade.

Note: Dashed drop lines will automatically extend to both axes.


Candonia

Consumption After Trade

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A














The following graph shows the same PPF for Lamponia as before, as well as its initial consumption at point A.

As you did for Candonia, place a black point (plus symbol) on the following graph to indicate Lamponia's consumption after trade.


Lamponia

Consumption After Trade

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A














True or False: Without engaging in international trade, Candonia and Lamponia would have been able to consume at the after-trade consumption bundles. (Hint: Base this question on the answers you previously entered on this page.)

True

False4. Specialization and trade

When a country has a comparative advantage in the production of a good, it means that it can produce this good at a lower opportunity cost than its trading partner. Then the country will specialize in the production of this good and trade it for other goods.

The following graphs show the production possibilities frontiers (PPFs) for Candonia and Lamponia. Both countries produce grain and sugar, each initially (i.e., before specialization and trade) producing 12 million pounds of grain and 6 million pounds of sugar, as indicated by the grey stars marked with the letter A.


Candonia

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A










Lamponia

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A









Candonia has a comparative advantage in the production of    , while Lamponia has a comparative advantage in the production of    . Suppose that Candonia and Lamponia specialize in the production of the goods in which each has a comparative advantage. After specialization, the two countries can produce a total ofmillion pounds of sugar andmillion pounds of grain.

Suppose that Candonia and Lamponia agree to trade. Each country focuses its resources on producing only the good in which it has a comparative advantage. The countries decide to exchange 12 million pounds of grain for 12 million pounds of sugar. This ratio of goods is known as the price of trade between Candonia and Lamponia.

The following graph shows the same PPF for Candonia as before, as well as its initial consumption at point A. Place a black point (plus symbol) on the graph to indicate Candonia's consumption after trade.

Note: Dashed drop lines will automatically extend to both axes.


Candonia

Consumption After Trade

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A














The following graph shows the same PPF for Lamponia as before, as well as its initial consumption at point A.

As you did for Candonia, place a black point (plus symbol) on the following graph to indicate Lamponia's consumption after trade.


Lamponia

Consumption After Trade

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

28

32

32

28

24

20

16

12

8

4

0

SUGAR (Millions of pounds)

GRAIN (Millions of pounds)

PPF


A














True or False: Without engaging in international trade, Candonia and Lamponia would have been able to consume at the after-trade consumption bundles. (Hint: Base this question on the answers you previously entered on this page.)

True

False

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Subject: Business, Economics
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