Units of Resource
Price per Unit
Resource 0 Units Cost Units Cost Units Cost
Labor $2 4 $8 2 $4 1 $2
Land 1 1 1 3 3 4 4
Capital 3 1 3 1 3 2 6
Entrepreneurial ability 3 1 3 1 3 1 3
Total cost of $15 worth of bar soap 0 0 $15 0 $13 0 $15
a. What technique will you want to use if the price of a bar of soap falls to $3.25?
What technique will you want to use if the price of a bar of soap rises to $4.75?
What technique will you want to use if the price of a bar of soap rises to $5.75?
b. How many bars of soap will you want to produce if the price of a bar of soap falls to $2.45?
Zero—it is not profitable to produce bars of soap at this selling price
Five—it is profitable to produce bars of soap at this selling price
c. Suppose that the price of soap is again $3.50 per bar but that the prices of all four resources are now $1.3 per unit. Which is now the least-profitable technique?
d. If the resource prices return to their original levels (the ones shown in the table) but a new technique is invented that can produce 2.57 bars of soap using 1 unit of each of the four resources, will firms prefer the new technique?
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