2. The Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, the Japanese Central Bank and the Chinese Central Bank have all indicated that they are likely to raise interest rates in the year to come. Suppose that they do this, and that this leads to higher interest rates worldwide. Based on the models covered in the course for optimal extraction of nonrenewable resources, what (if any) effect would you expect a higher interest rate to have on the optimal extraction rate of oil over time? Why? What would the effect of this be on the price of oil?