Jack thinks that his wife is not working very hard to overcome her depression, but to encourage
her and cheer her up he says, "Honey, you are really working hard to get over the blues that
you've been feeling." According to Rogers, Jack is
Question 6 options:
showing conditional positive regard.
demonstrating his desire for self-actualization.
employing conditions of worth.
Question 7 (1 point)
Celia is trying to decide whether to go to a party with some friends. Sherilyn says "Celia, you
should stay home and finish your paper. You need to keep up your grades and, besides, you'll feel
guilty if you go out." Noelle says, "Come out with me! It will be fun! Just blow off your paper,
it's boring. Who cares about school?" Sherilyn is analogous to Freud's ______________ and
Noelle is analogous to Freud's ______________.
Question 7 options:
Question 8 (1 point)
A psychologist at a mental health center was confused about how to diagnose a client. Which
objective personality test might the psychologist administer to help develop a diagnosis?
Question 8 options:
The Rorschach inkblot test
The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
The Draw-a-Person test (DAP)
Question 9 (1 point)
Mack feels empty because he can never bear children and will play only a small role in raising
them. Karen Horney called this
Question 9 options:
the Electra complex.
the Oedipus complex.
Question 10 (1 point)
Chema is a forty-five-year-old engineer whose life is seen as perfect by others. Chema lives in a
lovely home with his wife and 1.9 children. However, Chema thinks that all his colleagues are
better off than he. According to Maslow, Chema is most likely controlled by a(n)
Question 10 options:
Question 11 (1 point)
Daphne is unconsciously attracted to her instructor, a feeling she would consider immoral and
unacceptable. When she talks with her instructor, she acts rather rude and disrespectful. She
has told her friends that she hates the class because she cannot stand the instructor. Daphne is
using the defense mechanism known as
Question 11 options:
Question 12 (1 point)
Dick entered his dorm room looking unhappy. "What's wrong?" asked his roommate. Dick
replied, "Dr. Langston gave me a C on that test I took last week!" According to Rotter's
expectancy theory, Dick is likely to be an
Question 12 options:
Question 13 (1 point)
Tom is very self-reflective; Jerry focuses on the social world. Jung would say that Tom
______________ and Jerry ______________.
Question 13 options:
has unmet social needs; has fulfilled his social needsz2w
is circumplex; is not circumplex
is an introvert; is an extrovert
has an inferiority complex; is striving for superiority
Question 14 (1 point)
Mauve attends poetry readings and art openings. She loves to be around "intellectual" people
hanging out in coffee houses, discussing the issues. She wants to take in different experiences of
life. According to the big five, Mauve is high on the trait of
Question 14 options:
Question 15 (1 point)
*Miles has been cracking down on the news staff, and everyone is stressed and frazzled. In an attemptto cope with the additional stress Miles is placing on everyone, various members of the staff usedifferent coping strategies. Murphy starts a strict exercise program, Frank starts taking excessiveamounts of tranquilizers, and Corky concentrates on thinking that all she can do is try her best. Murphyis using a ______________ coping strategy, Frank is using a ______________ coping strategy, andCorky is using a ______________ coping strategy.
Question 15 options:
physical; physical; cognitive
cognitive; behavioral; physical
behavioral; cognitive; physical
behavioral; physical; cognitive
Question 16 (1 point)
Rosa told a good friend, "I want to teach high school biology and be seen as an active, caring
instructor." According to Mischel's person-situation theory, Rosa has described her
Question 16 options:
goals and values.
Question 17 (1 point)
Which of the following statements about personality would Freud most likely agree with?
Question 17 options:
'Behavior and personality are closely related. However, one must address conscious thought
'Outward behavior is a very small part of personality.'
'Conscious thoughts play a major role in personality development.'
'Personality can be observed (and assessed) through one's outward behavior.'
Question 18 (1 point)
A very aggressive five-year-old takes whatever she wants, even if she has to hit someone. Her
grandmother believes that the child is aggressive because the girl gets what she wants through her
aggressive behavior. The grandmother is displaying a ______________ approach to personality.
Question 18 options:
Question 19 (1 point)
Dr. Slaft believes that each person has an innate tendency toward growth and self-fulfillment. He
believes that dysfunctions in personality result from dysfunctions in the perception of reality. Dr.
Slaft takes a(n) ______________ approach to personality.
Question 19 options:
Question 20 (1 point)
James is very warm and considerate. People feel that they can trust him. However, he tends to
worry a lot about his plans for the future. In terms of the big-five model of personality, James is
probably high on ______________ and ______________.
Question 20 options:
conscientiousness; openness to experience
introversion; openness to experience
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