1990 1995 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Capacitrs $5,568 $6,488 $7,131 $7,052 $7,043 $7,360 $8,109
Integrated circuits $678 $1,679 $4,651 $6,245 $7,363 $8,589 $9,508
Total $6,246 $8,167 $11,782 $13,297 $14,406 $15,959 $17,617
Shaefer relies entirely on manufacturer's representatives (MRs) located throughout the United States to sells its products. MRs are independent contractors who sell Shaefer's products in exchange for a sales commission. The company's representatives are not exclusive-they represent manufacturers of related but noncompeting products, such as circuit breakers, small switches, or semiconductors. Often a customer will buy some of these related products along with integrated circuits or an order of capacitors. MRs have long experience within local markets, close ties to the engineers within the firms that buy control systems, and deep knowledge of their needs. In the markets in which they operate, MRs develop their own client lists and call schedules. They are fully responsible for the expenses they incur in selling their products. Once an order for one of Shaefer's products is taken by the MR, Shaefer is then responsible for any installation or postsale servicing that is needed. Shaefer recently hired two different marketing consultants to study its sales force strategy. Their reports contained the conclusions reported below. Comment on the soundness of each conclusion
a) Shaefer should continue to sell through MRs. Whether it uses MRs or an in-house sales force it has to pay commissions. By relying on MRs, it avoids the variable selling expenses (e.g.. travel expenses for salespeople) it would incur if it had its own sales force. As a result, Shaefer's selling expenses are lower than they would be with an in-house sales force of comparable size, talent, and know-how.
b) Selling through MRs made sense for Shaefer when it was first getting started and specialized in capacitors. However, given its current product mix, it would not want to set itself up the way it is now if it were designing its sales force strategy from scratch. But with what it has got, Shaefer should be extremely cautious about changing
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