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1. Using quotes and examples from the assigned reading in Parts I and II of Gulliver's Travels, show how Swift's novel conforms with the characteristics of a novel.  



2. Gulliver has many humorous battles with the Dwarf, but these battles are, in Swiftean fashion, more than just silly moments. They afford the author opportunities to develop his themes about hypocrisy, small or narrow-mindedness, and human frailty.  With that in mind, read the following passage from chapter 3 of Part II and answer the questions on it. 


"Nothing angered and mortified me so much as the queen's dwarf; who being of the lowest stature that was ever in that country (for I verily think he was not full thirty feet high), became so insolent at seeing a creature so much beneath him, that he would always affect to swagger and look big as he passed by me in the queen's antechamber, while I was standing on some table talking with the lords or ladies of the court, and he seldom failed of a smart word or two upon my littleness; against which I could only revenge myself by calling him brother, challenging him to wrestle, and such repartees as are usually in the mouths of court pages. One day, at dinner, this malicious little cub was so nettled with something I had said to him, that, raising himself upon the frame of her majesty's chair, he took me up by the middle, as I was sitting down, not thinking any harm, and let me drop into a large silver bowl of cream, and then ran away as fast as he could. I fell over head and ears, and, if I had not been a good swimmer, it might have gone very hard with me; for Glumdalclitch in that instant happened to be at the other end of the room, and the queen was in such a fright, that she wanted presence of mind to assist me. But my little nurse ran to my relief, and took me out, after I had swallowed above a quart of cream. I was put to bed: however, I received no other damage than the loss of a suit of clothes, which was utterly spoiled. The dwarf was soundly whipt, and as a farther punishment, forced to drink up the bowl of cream into which he had thrown me: neither was he ever restored to favour; for soon after the queen bestowed him on a lady of high quality, so that I saw him no more, to my very great satisfaction; for I could not tell to what extremities such a malicious urchin might have carried his resentment."


A. Look at the parenthetical in the first sentence.  Gulliver seems to be ridiculing the dwarf for being short.  What's ironic about this insult? In order to answer this, you must know the size of each character, which we learn in Part II, chapters 1 and 3. 


B. In Part I chapter III, when the 6-inch King of Lilliput is next to Gulliver, the King is described as "taller than the sons of men" and being so tall that "his head strikes against the sun." How do that scene and this scene reveal Gulliver to be transforming into a Lilliputian in values and size—literally and figuratively?  That is, what is "small" about Gulliver's behavior and beliefs in this passage?  


C. In the passage above, Gulliver insults the Dwarf by calling him a "malicious little cub."  Two of those three words are not legitimate reasons to criticize someone because they are criticism that have nothing to do with behavior. Explain why two of those words are not fair reasons to criticize the dwarf and why the third is an acceptable word to use to judge someone.  Feel free to use a dictionary.  


D. For the second time in Part II, Gulliver is picked up "by the middle" and dropped.  Find the parallel scene in chapter 1 of Part II. Quote the scene and explain how these two scenes are plot parallels.  


E. We've seen how good writing begins and ends with symmetry—parallels or reversals. This is true of books (beginning and end), chapters, stanzas, paragraphs, and even lines of poetry.  With that in mind, how is the end of the paragraph like its beginning? 




3. This book is a satire. The characteristics of a satire include the use of exaggeration and distortion, especially the humorous use of exaggeration and distortion, to highlight human flaws so that readers see those flaws more clearly, laugh at them, and reject them in their lives.  With that definition in mind, choose any of the following moments from the assigned reading: 1. Any of the scenes that reference Gulliver going to the bathroom in Part I chapters 2 and 5 or the scene above from Part II in which Gulliver gets dropped in the bowl of cream.  Discuss how the definition of satire applies and reveals the scene to be satirical.  

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