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Read the following poem by Alexander Pope before you choose your...

Read the following poem by Alexander Pope before you choose your answer.

Time was, a sober Englishman wou'd knock

His servants up, and rise by five a clock,

Instruct his Family in ev'ry rule,

And send his Wife to Church, his Son to school.

(5) To worship like his Fathers was his care;

To teach their frugal Virtues to his Heir;

To prove, that Luxury could never hold;

And place, on good Security, his Gold.

Now Times are chang'd, and one Poetick Itch

(10) Has seiz'd the Court and City, Poor and Rich:

Sons, Sires, and Grandsires, all will wear the Bays,

Our Wives read Milton, and our Daughters Plays,

To Theatres, and to Rehearsals throng,

And all our Grace at Table is a Song.

(15) I, who so oft renounce the Muses, lye,

Not—'s self e'er tells more Fibs than I;

When, sick of Muse, our follies we deplore,

And promise our best Friends to ryme no more;

We wake next morning in a raging Fit,

(20) And call for Pen and Ink to show our Wit.

He serv'd a 'Prenticeship, who sets up shop;

Ward try'd on Puppies, and the Poor, his Drop;

Ev'n Radcliff's Doctors travel first to France,

Nor dare to practise till they've learn'd to dance.

(25) Who builds a Bridge that never drove a pyle?

(Should Ripley venture, all the World would smile)

But those who cannot write, and those who can,

All ryme, and scrawl, and scribble, to a man.

Yet Sir, reflect, the mischief is not great;

(30) These Madmen never hurt the Church or State:

Sometimes the Folly benefits mankind;

And rarely Av'rice taints the tuneful mind.

Allow him but his Play-thing of a Pen,

He ne'er rebels, or plots, like other men:

(35) Flight of Cashiers, or Mobs, he'll never mind;

And knows no losses while the Muse is kind.

To cheat a Friend, or Ward, he leaves to Peter;

The good man heaps up nothing but mere metre,

Enjoys his Garden and his Book in quiet;

(40) And then—a perfect Hermit in his Diet.

Of little use the Man you may suppose,

Who says in verse what others say in prose;

Yet let me show, a Poet's of some weight,

And (tho' no Soldier) useful to the State.

(45) What will a Child learn sooner than a song?

What better teach a Foreigner the tongue?

What's long or short, each accent where to place,

And speak in publick with some sort of grace.

I scarce can think him such a worthless thing,

(50) Unless he praise some monster of a King,

Or Virtue, or Religion turn to sport,

To please a lewd, or un-believing Court.


Lines 1−8 ("Time was... his Gold") reveal that the speaker perceives the Englishman as

 a) a despondent and sober family man with means

 b) a duplicitous and superficial man who values appearances

 c) a happy and lighthearted family man who is deeply loved

 d) a hard-working and reverent man with principles

 e) an academic and somewhat withdrawn father

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