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Hamlet," discuss in this post how it fulfills the required-criteria

of a tragedy. Be sure to provide at least 3 specific proofs from the text and the slideshow presented last week. I will have this posted as a link as well. Be specific. Provide a minimum of 150 words. Give one quote from the play. See post from slides.? I'm not sure how to do this?


Shakespearean Tragedy


 Shakespearean Play Modes
 ● Histories - 12
Inspired by historical events, people
Molded history to entertain/dramatize
Ex: "Henry VIII" "Richard II"
● Comedies - 14
Love entanglement Mistaken identities Ends in marriage/unity
Ex: "Much Ado About Nothing" "Twelfth Night"
● Tragedies - 12
Tragic hero w/ character flaw (Harmatia) Hero comes to a realization
Ends on a tragic note
Ex: "Hamlet" "Macbeth"
● 38 plays total ● 154 sonnets


 Tragedy - Main Context
● Tragic Hero - concerns one main hero
● Tale of suffering and calamity
Exceptional calamity
● Catharsis - audience has tragic pity on hero
● Fall of hero
Sudden
From the height of earthly greatness Produces a sense of contrast Shows powerlessness of man Omnipotence of Fate
 
 Tragic Hero
 ●
Centre of Tragedy - Tragic Flaw
Tragic flaw is a character flaw from: a) Abnormal conditions of mind b) The supernatural
c) Chance or accident
Action can be defined as conflict:
a) External - w/ another character, society, universe,
and/or gods
b) Internal - w/ the character's own self



 Tragic Hero
● Exceptional being
Intensification of qualities - beyond "ordinary" humans
● Fatal tendency to identify the whole self with some interest, object, passion, or habit of mind.
● His tragic greatness is a flaw to him.
● Tragic error involves no conscious breach of right Accompanied by a full conviction of right.
● So much greatness in his error and fall audience is vividly conscious of the possibilities of human nature.
● Centre of tragic impression is the tragic waste
 
 The Notion of Tragedy
Aristotle's Poetics
"Tragedy is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude. It treats events which are pitiful and terrible and concerns the reversal from good fortune to bad of a great man who, by reason of some weakness or defect of character, is thus the cause of his own downfall. Because this man is great, either by birth or position, his downfall seems more terrible than if he were an ordinary man; it has also far-reaching effects in the lives of others. Because morally he is a man like ourselves- neither eminently virtuous nor viciously depraved- h is misfortune arouses in us the emotion of fear. Because his downfall is partly his own fault, and because it seems to be far out of proportion to the evil of his actions, we experience a feeling of pity for him. Through our sympathies with this tragic hero we undergo a catharsis or purgation of the emotions."
  
 Modern Definition of Tragedy
● A tragedy is a drama of a protagonist who commands the audience's earnest good will and is pushed in a given world by a purpose, or undertakes an action, of a certain seriousness and magnitude.
● By this purpose or action, the hero is subject to the world.
● He necessarily and inevitably is met with grave spiritual or physical suffering.
 
 Another Modern Definition
● Tragedy, in its pure idea, shows us a mortal will engaged in an unequal struggle with destiny, whether that destiny be represented by the forces within or without the mind, the conflict reaches its tragic issue when the individual perishes, but through his ruin the disrupted order of the world is restored and the moral forces reassert their way.
 
 Shakespearean Tragedy
● A tragedy is a drama of a significant person who, because of a flaw in his character, experiences a fall that leads to suffering and earth, the whole experiences producing pity and fear in the audience.
● Drama: This means there is ACTION o a serious magnitude involving a number of people interacting on a stage.
● Significant Person: Usually a king or prince or a person of high standing in the community. He is significant because he is noted for being noble in character in some way that raises him above ordinary people.
 
 Plot
and includes the death
of the hero ii) A tale of
suffering and calamity
i) Severe
ii) Unexpected
Shakespearean Tragedy
 A. The Story of a i)LeaHdesroupto
  leading to death B. Suffering
 •
and contrast to presvious glory


 Shakespearean Tragedy Cont'd...
● A Flaw: there is a serious problem or imperfection or predisposition in his character that causes him to err in his actions. The tragic hero, because of his flaw in character, is responsible for his actions and for his own death. The very character trait that makes the person exceptional may be also his flaw.
● A Fall: the tragic hero "falls" physically to his death, but also falls in the sense of not realizing his true potential. There is a sense of waste at the end of the drama, of the person not having achieved what he should have achieved.
● Pity and Fear- these are emotions instilled in the audience. The audience identifies with the hero (we put ourselves in his shoes) and we thus feel pity for the hero when he falls to his death. The audience also fears that such things can happen to us if we are not careful enough in real life.
  
 1. Plot
a. The Story of a Hero
i) Leads up to and includes the death of the hero
ii) A tale of suffering and calamity leading to death
 c. Concerned with person of high degree
i) ii) iii)
A leader or head of state
His fate affects the nation
His fall suggests the powerlessness
of man and the power of fate
  b. Suffering
i) Severe
ii) Unexpected and contrast to previous glory
 2. Action
The tragedy proceeds from the action of people i) Main source of action
is character
i) Hero contributes to
his
own demise
 Shakespeare an Tragedy
 6. Good vs. Evil Villainy is defeated in the end.
 3. Elements of
the Story
The Hero has
i) i) i)
Abnormal conditions of the mind
Encounters with the supernatural
Encounters with chance and accident
 4. Conflict
i) outward-
between persons or groups
i) Inward - between the hero and himself
 5. The Hero
i) Exceptional nature
ii) Desire, passion, will
iii) Tragic Trait- a marked one-
sidedness, fatal to the hero
i) A great waste of Shakespearean Tragedy


 Shakespearean Play Modes
 ● Histories - 12
Inspired by historical events, people
Molded history to entertain/dramatize
Ex: "Henry VIII" "Richard II"
● Comedies - 14
Love entanglement Mistaken identities Ends in marriage/unity
Ex: "Much Ado About Nothing" "Twelfth Night"
● Tragedies - 12
Tragic hero w/ character flaw (Harmatia) Hero comes to a realization
Ends on a tragic note
Ex: "Hamlet" "Macbeth"
● 38 plays total ● 154 sonnets


 Tragedy - Main Context
● Tragic Hero - concerns one main hero
● Tale of suffering and calamity
Exceptional calamity
● Catharsis - audience has tragic pity on hero
● Fall of hero
Sudden
From the height of earthly greatness Produces a sense of contrast Shows powerlessness of man Omnipotence of Fate
 
 Tragic Hero
 ●
Centre of Tragedy - Tragic Flaw
Tragic flaw is a character flaw from: a) Abnormal conditions of mind b) The supernatural
c) Chance or accident
Action can be defined as conflict:
a) External - w/ another character, society, universe,
and/or gods
b) Internal - w/ the character's own self



 Tragic Hero
● Exceptional being
Intensification of qualities - beyond "ordinary" humans
● Fatal tendency to identify the whole self with some interest, object, passion, or habit of mind.
● His tragic greatness is a flaw to him.
● Tragic error involves no conscious breach of right Accompanied by a full conviction of right.
● So much greatness in his error and fall audience is vividly conscious of the possibilities of human nature.
● Centre of tragic impression is the tragic waste
 
 The Notion of Tragedy
Aristotle's Poetics
"Tragedy is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude. It treats events which are pitiful and terrible and concerns the reversal from good fortune to bad of a great man who, by reason of some weakness or defect of character, is thus the cause of his own downfall. Because this man is great, either by birth or position, his downfall seems more terrible than if he were an ordinary man; it has also far-reaching effects in the lives of others. Because morally he is a man like ourselves- neither eminently virtuous nor viciously depraved- h is misfortune arouses in us the emotion of fear. Because his downfall is partly his own fault, and because it seems to be far out of proportion to the evil of his actions, we experience a feeling of pity for him. Through our sympathies with this tragic hero we undergo a catharsis or purgation of the emotions."
  
 Modern Definition of Tragedy
● A tragedy is a drama of a protagonist who commands the audience's earnest good will and is pushed in a given world by a purpose, or undertakes an action, of a certain seriousness and magnitude.
● By this purpose or action, the hero is subject to the world.
● He necessarily and inevitably is met with grave spiritual or physical suffering.
 
 Another Modern Definition
● Tragedy, in its pure idea, shows us a mortal will engaged in an unequal struggle with destiny, whether that destiny be represented by the forces within or without the mind, the conflict reaches its tragic issue when the individual perishes, but through his ruin the disrupted order of the world is restored and the moral forces reassert their way.
 
 Shakespearean Tragedy
● A tragedy is a drama of a significant person who, because of a flaw in his character, experiences a fall that leads to suffering and earth, the whole experiences producing pity and fear in the audience.
● Drama: This means there is ACTION o a serious magnitude involving a number of people interacting on a stage.
● Significant Person: Usually a king or prince or a person of high standing in the community. He is significant because he is noted for being noble in character in some way that raises him above ordinary people.
 
 Plot
and includes the death
of the hero ii) A tale of
suffering and calamity
i) Severe
ii) Unexpected
Shakespearean Tragedy
 A. The Story of a i)LeaHdesroupto
  leading to death B. Suffering
 •
and contrast to presvious glory


 Shakespearean Tragedy Cont'd...
● A Flaw: there is a serious problem or imperfection or predisposition in his character that causes him to err in his actions. The tragic hero, because of his flaw in character, is responsible for his actions and for his own death. The very character trait that makes the person exceptional may be also his flaw.
● A Fall: the tragic hero "falls" physically to his death, but also falls in the sense of not realizing his true potential. There is a sense of waste at the end of the drama, of the person not having achieved what he should have achieved.
● Pity and Fear- these are emotions instilled in the audience. The audience identifies with the hero (we put ourselves in his shoes) and we thus feel pity for the hero when he falls to his death. The audience also fears that such things can happen to us if we are not careful enough in real life.
  
 1. Plot
a. The Story of a Hero
i) Leads up to and includes the death of the hero
ii) A tale of suffering and calamity leading to death
 c. Concerned with person of high degree
i) ii) iii)
A leader or head of state
His fate affects the nation
His fall suggests the powerlessness
of man and the power of fate
  b. Suffering
i) Severe
ii) Unexpected and contrast to previous glory
 2. Action
The tragedy proceeds from the action of people i) Main source of action
is character
i) Hero contributes to
his
own demise
 Shakespeare an Tragedy
 6. Good vs. Evil Villainy is defeated in the end.
 3. Elements of
the Story
The Hero has
i) i) i)
Abnormal conditions of the mind
Encounters with the supernatural
Encounters with chance and accident
 4. Conflict
i) outward-
between persons or groups
i) Inward - between the hero and himself
 5. The Hero
i) Exceptional nature
ii) Desire, passion, will
iii) Tragic Trait- a marked one-
sidedness, fatal to the hero
i) A great waste of potential
 THE HERO'S ACTION CAUSES HIS DESTRUCTION


 HAMLET AS A TRAGIC HERO
 PAGAN WORLD (ANCIENT- POLYTHEISTIC)
 CHRISTIAN WORLD (MODERN)
 -REVENGE
-FORTINBRA S SENIOR AND KING HAMLET
-NORWAY (NORTH)
HAM LET
-MORALITY
-LAERTES, HORATIO
-PARIS,
WITTENBERG (HEART OF MODERN EUROPE)
  DENMAR K
 Hamlet (and his soul?) is at a crossroads of a divided world. He moves back and forth between the two worlds and the heroic types within them. i.e. King Hamlet, Laertes, Fortenbras, Horatio.


HAMLET
-MORALITY
-LAERTES, HORATIO
-PARIS,
WITTENBERG (HEART OF MODERN EUROPE)
  DENMAR K
 Hamlet (and his soul?) is at a crossroads of a divided world. He moves back and forth between the two worlds and the heroic types within them. i.e. King Hamlet, Laertes, Fortenbras, Horatio.

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