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Read and critique the given literary work using any of the...

Read and critique the given literary work using any of the approaches in literary criticisms. You should be able to indicate the approaches used.

 

For Poetry: The Diameter of the Bomb by Yehuda Amechai

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The Diameter of the Bomb by Yehuda Amechai The diameter of the bomb was thirty centimeters and the diameter of its effective range about seven meters, with four dead and eleven wounded. And around these, in a larger circle of pain and time, two hospitals are scattered and one graveyard. But the young woman who was buried in the city she came from, at a distance of more than a hundred kilometers, enlarges the circle considerably, and the solitary man mourning her death at the distant shores of a country far across the sea includes the entire world in the circle. And I won't even mention the crying of orphans that reaches up to the throne of God and beyond, making a circle with no end and no God.

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Literary Criticisms Literary criticism is essentially how the reader interprets and evaluates the literary texts based on his/her perspectives, supported by evidence, relating to theme, style, setting or historical or political context a. Formalist Criticism seeks to make literary criticism a scientific study. It insists that each literary work shows function as a harmonious possessing a universal meaning, which suggests that there is only one "correct" way of reading. The meaning is revealed by "dissecting" the literary text, by examining the literary elements and by determining how it contributed to the essential unity of the literary piece. b. Archetypal Criticism is influenced by Carl Gustav Jung's belief in the collective unconscious of all the peope of the world. It depends heavily on symbols and patterns operating on a universal scale. Archetypes are identified by simple repeated patterns or images of human experience: the changing seasons, birth, death, rebirth, and heroic quest. c. Historicism examines the culture and society from which literature is produce, and how these influences affect literature. It considers the following questions: . Who is the author, where did he/she come from, and what were his/her objectives in writing? . How did the political events influence what the writer wrote? . How did the predominant social customs of the time influence the writer's outlook? d. Marxist Criticism argues that literature is a product of real, social and economic existence. It views literature to be ideologically determined of the existing class struggle, usually of dominant social class. e. Feminist Criticism combines several critical methods while focusing on the questions on how gender affects a literary work, writer, or reader. It considers the following questions: . How are women portrayed in the work? As stereotypes? As individuals? . How is the woman's point of view considered? | . Is the male superiority implied in the text? . In what way is the work affected because it was written by a woman? f. Deconstructionism asserts multiple conflicting interpretations to a text. It bases interpretation on the philosophical, political or social implications of the use of language in a text rather than on the author's intention. g. Reader's Response Criticism is at its most basic level because it considers readers' reactions to literature as vital to interpreting the meaning of the text. The readers create the meaning of the text through the act of reading and interpreting

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