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Selections from The Aeneid Background The time is 31 B., the last year of the Roman Republic in which a vicious civil war is occurring. Mark Antony...

Is Aeneas good or bad? Does he act with the three Roman ideals we discussed in class or not? Is the founding of Rome, glorious or tragic? Give as manyspecific lines from the poem [citing at least book numbers] to support your answer. Please see attached. 

Paper requirements:

Although they are shorter (usually about two single Spaced, typewritten pages), they still require a very close read of the film.I will be looking for specific details from both the film and the assigned reading. Journals are graded in the following manner: A (a plethora of specific examples and original ideas) =60pts; B (many specific examples and original ideas)=50pts; C (several specific examples and original ideas) = 40pts; D (very few specific ideas) =30pts; F (incomplete entry) =0pts. Journals are due the next class period after we finish watching the film. All late journals receive a D. Papers cannot be emailed; they must be turned in during class.
• Use a lot of details from the work of art. For example, if you are writing about how war is tragic in The Iliad, quote lots of specific lines from the text (followed by citations of the book number) to prove your argument. The more specifics you give me, the better the grade you'll receive.
• Write this like a formal MLA paper, with an introduction, a thesis statement, and a conclusion.
• Don't use lengthy paragraphs; start a new paragraph when  you discuss a new scene, new idea, or a new piece.

Selections from The Aeneid Background The time is 31 B.C., the last year of the Roman Republic in which a vicious civil war is occurring. Mark Antony is conquered by Octavian, who transforms himself into the first Roman emperor, Caesar Augustus, thus turning Rome from republic to empire. Although Caesar Augustus is known for instituting the Pax Romana [Roman Peace], he also uses excessive, violent force against those who don’t want to belong to the Empire. Caesar Augustus commands the poet Virgil to write The Aeneid as a form of propaganda, glorifying the emperor (symbolized by Aeneas) and his mighty empire (symbolized by Aeneas’ founding of Rome). Virgil does so, and the text has been seen for two thousand years as a monument to the glories of Augustus and his Rome. But lately, a new reading has been perceived, one in which it appears that Virgil may have hidden within the triumphant text a subtext which quietly acknowledges the horrific circumstances that brought this empire to power. The Story The first six books of The Aeneid are modeled on Homer’s Odyssey , with Aeneas wandering around the Mediterranean Sea. Book 1 opens in 1200 B.C. as Aeneas, a Trojan, leaves his burning city that has just been destroyed by the Greeks. He comes across Dido, Queen of Carthage, who has taken a vow of chastity after the death of her husband. After making love together all winter long, Aeneas sneaks away, and Dido commits suicide. He takes a Sibyl with him on a journey to Hades to see his dead Father, who predicts that he will one day found a great country. The last six books of The Aeneid are modeled on Homer’s Iliad , with Aeneas and the Trojans battling the Latins for control of Latium [the future Rome.] In the final book (Twelve), Aeneas faces Turnus in a final hand-to-hand combat to determine who will stay and rule from that land. Book 1: Escaping Troy The poet begins this work by saying: “I sing of warfare and a man at war. From the sea-coast of Troy in early days He came to Italy by destiny, To our Lavinian western shore. . . . And cruel losses were his lot in war, Till he could found a city and bring home His gods to Latium, land of the Latin race, The Alban lords, and the high walls of Rome” ( Aeneid 1:1-4, 9-12). Aeneas, on board a ship with his fellow Trojan refugees, “felt his knees Go numb and slack, and stretched both hands to heaven, Groaning out: ‘Triply lucky, all you men To whom death came before your fathers’ eyes Below the wall at Troy! Bravest Danaan, Diomedes, why could I not go down When you wounded me, and lose my life On Ilium’s battlefield? Our Hektor lies there, Torn by Achilles’ weapon’. . . . Burdened and sick at heart, He feigned hope in his look, and inwardly Contained his anguish” ( Aeneid 1:131-140, 284-286). Book 2: Recounting the Fall of Troy Aeneas recounts the story of the fall of Troy, explaining, “To arm was my first maddened impulse; not That anyone had a fighting chance in arms; Only I burned to gather up some force For combat, and to man some high redoubt.
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So fury drove me, and it came to me That meeting death was beautiful in arms” ( Aeneid 2:421-425). Aeneas’ mother, Venus, appears and rebukes him for abandoning his wife, father, and son: “Son, why let such suffering goad you on to fury Past control? Where is your thoughtfulness For me, for us? Will you not first revisit The place you left your father, warn and old, Or find out if your wife, Creusa, lives, And the young boy, Ascanius, all these Cut off by Greek troops foraging everywhere?” ( Aeneid 2:781-787). Aeneas tells the story of how he lost his wife (and later his father and son) as Troy burns: “We heard the blazing town Crackle more loudly, felt the scorching heat. ‘Then come, dear father. Arms around my neck: I’ll take you on my shoulders, no great weight. Whatever happens, both will face one danger, Find one safety. My son will come with me, My wife at a good interval behind’” ( Aeneid 2:919-925). “And peering through the gloom ahead, my father Cried out: ‘Run, boy; here they come; I see Flame light on shields, bronze shining.’ I took fright And some unfriendly power, I know not what, Stole all my addled wits. For as I turned Aside from the known way, entering a maze Of pathless places on the run, Alas, Creusa, taken from us by grim fate, did she Linger, or stray, or sink in weariness? There is no telling. Never would she be Restored to us. Never did I look back Or think to look for her, lost as she was” ( Aeneid 2:950-964). Book 4: Dido and Aeneas Aeneas hooks up with Dido, the Queen of Carthage, who has taken a vow of chastity after the death of her husband. Together “they reveled all winter long Unmindful of the realm, prisoners of lust” ( Aeneid 4:264-65). Mercury appears and takes [Aeneas] “to task at once: ‘Is it for you To lay the stones for Carthage’s high walls . . . Oblivious of your own world, your own kingdom! . . . . What have you in mind? What hope, wasting your days In Libya? If future history’s glories Do not affect you, if you will not strive For your own honor, think of Ascanius, Think of the expectations of your heir, Iulus, to whom the Italian realm, the land Of Rome, are due’” ( Aeneid 4:360-364, 369-376). Aeneas tells his men: “‘Get the fleet ready for sea, But quietly’. . . . They were to keep it secret, Seeing the excellent Dido had no notion, No warning that such love could be cut short” ( Aeneid 4:393-394, 397-399). When Dido finds him as he’s leaving, she pleads:
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Critical Analysis of Aeneid
Introduction
Aeneas was a Trojan who followed his destiny to establish the Rome empire for the
Trojan people. Throughout...

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