1. Short-response prompt (15 points) Read the following passage...
1. Short-response prompt (15 points)
Read the following passage from Chapter 4 of The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, in which Crusoe describes how he removes items from the foundered ship:. . .[P]reparing the twelfth time to go on board, I found the wind began to rise. However, at low water, I went on board, and though I thought I had rummaged the cabin so effectually, as that nothing more could be found, yet I discovered a locker with drawers in it, in one of which I found two or three razors, and one pair of large scissors, with some ten or a dozen of good knives and forks; in another I found about thirty-six pounds value in money, some European coin, some Brazil, some pieces of eight, some gold, and some silver.
I smiled to myself at the sight of this money. "O drug!" said I aloud, "what art thou good for? Thou art not worth to me, no, not the taking off the ground; one of those knives is worth all this heap: I have no manner of use for thee; e'en remain where thou art, and go to the bottom, as a creature whose life is not worth saving."
In the passage, Crusoe compares money to a drug. Explain some ways in which money was like a drug to Crusoe before being shipwrecked. Then, analyze the tone of the passage, and explain how the comparison helps create that tone. Support your response with specific details from the passage.
2. Short-response prompt (15 points)
Read the following passage from Chapter 16 of The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, in which Crusoe reflects on his relationship to the island and its inhabitants:My island was now peopled, and I thought myself very rich in subjects; and it was a merry reflection, which I frequently made, how like a king I looked. First of all, the whole country was my own property, so that I had an undoubted right of dominion. Secondly, my people were perfectly subjected—I was absolutely lord and lawgiver—they all owed their lives to me, and were ready to lay down their lives, if there had been occasion for it, for me. It was remarkable, too, I had but three subjects, and they were of three different religions—my man Friday was a Protestant, his father was a Pagan and a cannibal, and the Spaniard was a Papist. However, I allowed liberty of conscience throughout my dominions.
Explain Defoe's point of view on colonialism in the passage. Then analyze how the scene could be interpreted as satire to express that point of view. Be sure to use specific details from the passage in your response. Explain Defoe's point of view on colonialism in the passage. Then analyze how the scene could be interpreted as satire to express that point of view. Be sure to use specific details from the passage in your response.
3. Short-response prompt (15 points)
Read the following passage from Jonathan Swift's essay "A Modest Proposal":I can think of no one objection that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it . . . be . . . that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. This I freely own, and 'twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or I think ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor household furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: . . . Of curing the expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: Of introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temperance: Of learning to love our country . . . Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers . . . .
What point does Swift want to make in the passage, and does he use satire effectively to make that point? Write a short argument to answer these questions. Be careful to include a clear claim and to respond to at least one counterclaim. Develop your argument with specific details from the passage.
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