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1. Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your...

1.

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from then-Senator Barack Obama's November 2007 Speech on the "American Dream."

"The steel plant had closed. Jobs were disappearing. In a forgotten corner of America, the American dream was slipping away. And I knew dreams are worth fighting for."

The purpose of including this line at the beginning of his speech is to

a. build an emotion of hope by creating an image of equality 

b. engage the audience by establishing authority and credibility 

c. add reliability to his argument by quoting experts 

d. establish the need for hope by using concrete examples



2.

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from then-Senator Barack Obama's November 2007 Speech on the "American Dream"

"When our fellow Americans are denied the American dream, our own dreams are diminished. And today, the cost of that dream is rising faster than ever before. While some have prospered beyond imagination in this global economy, middle-class Americans—as well as those working hard to become middle class—are seeing the American dream slip further and further away.

You know it from your own lives. Americans are working harder for less and paying more for health care and college. For most folks, one income isn't enough to raise a family and send your kids to college. Sometimes, two incomes aren't enough. It's harder to save. It's harder to retire. You're doing your part, you're meeting your responsibilities, but it always seems like you're treading water or falling behind. And as I see this every day on the campaign trail, I'm reminded of how unlikely it is that the dreams of my family could be realized today..."

Which type of rhetorical device is used in the lines, "You know it from your own lives. Americans are working harder for less and paying more for health care and college"?

a. Allusion 

b. Parallelism

c. Analogy

d. Juxtaposition

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