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1. Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your...

1.

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer. 


This passage is from the beginning Senator Marco Rubio's April 2015 Speech at Miami's Freedom Tower.


"After months of deliberation and prayer about the future of our country, I have come here tonight to make an announcement on how I believe I can best serve her.


I chose to make this announcement at the Freedom Tower because it is a symbol of our nation's identity as the land of opportunity. And I am more confident than ever that despite our troubles, we have it within our power to make our time another American Century.


In this very room five decades ago, tens of thousands of Cuban exiles began their new lives in America. Their story is part of the larger story of the American miracle. How, united by a common faith in their God given right to go as far as their talent and work would take them, a collection of immigrants and exiles, former slaves and refugees, became one people, and together built the freest and most prosperous nation ever."


The purpose of placing the line, "In this very room five decades ago, tens of thousands of Cuban exiles began their new lives in America," in the beginning of his speech is to

a. engage the audience emotionally and encourage them to feel injustice over immigration issues

b. appeal to emotion by alluding to a historic moment that the audience could appreciate 

c. establish a sense of right or wrong to help the audience see the relevance of the issue 

d. appear credible by including a researched historical example of the immigration issue


2.

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.


This passage is from the end of then-Senator Barack Obama's November 2007 Speech on the "American Dream."


"There has been a lot of talk in this campaign about the politics of hope. But the politics of hope doesn't mean hoping that things come easy. It's a politics of believing in things unseen; of believing in what this country might be; and of standing up for that belief and fighting for it when it's hard.


America is the sum of our dreams. And what binds us together, what makes us one American family, is that we stand up and fight for each other's dreams, that we reaffirm that fundamental belief—I am my brother's keeper, I am my sister's keeper—through our politics, our policies, and in our daily lives. It's time to do that once more. It's time to reclaim the American dream."


The purpose of placing the line, "It's a politics of believing in things unseen; of believing in what this country might be; and of standing up for that belief and fighting for it when it's hard," at the end of his speech is to

a. use denotative language to establish emotional distance and show his reserve 

b. encourage the audience to show its belief in America and what it could be 

c. offer examples and details to give his audience concrete support for his argument 

d. leave the audience with a lasting impression of his authority and credibility

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