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Please Help, I'm not really sure!Question 1 (5 points) 

Which of the following lines from King's letter uses a metaphor to describe the pain of inequality? (5 points)

Question 1 options:


1) 

"The radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation."


2) 

"But the political leaders consistently refused to engage in good faith negotiation."


3) 

"Now is the time to lift our national policy from the quicksand of racial injustice."


4) 

"It is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say wait."

Question 2 (5 points)

 








The line from King's letter, "This movement is nourished by the contemporary frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination," employs (5 points)

Question 2 options:


1) 

allusion


2) 

simile


3) 

personification


4) 

symbol

Question 3 (5 points)

 








Read the following excerpt from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham," then answer the question.

"I guess it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say wait. But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize, and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an air-tight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her little eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see the depressing clouds of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky, and see her begin to distort her little personality by unconsciously developing a bitterness toward white people ... —then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into an abyss of injustice where they experience the bleakness of corroding despair. I hope, sirs, you can understand our legitimate and unavoidable impatience."

The purpose of including this paragraph in the letter is to (5 points)

Question 3 options:


1) 

cite facts and statistics to prove that change must occur quickly


2) 

mobilize his readers and incite them to action through the use of motif


3) 

motivate his readers by describing the progress they have made


4) 

offer an emotional argument to show that change must happen soon

Question 4 (5 points)

 








Read the following excerpt from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham," then answer the question.

"While confined here in the Birmingham City Jail, I came across your recent statement calling our present activities 'unwise and untimely.' Seldom, if ever, do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would be engaged in little else in the course of the day and I would have no time for constructive work. But since I feel that you are men of genuine goodwill and your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I would like to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms."

Which rhetorical strategy does King adopt in these lines? (5 points)

Question 4 options:


1) 

He goes on the offensive by berating his opponents.


2) 

He acknowledges and endears the opposition.


3) 

He cites facts to add credibility to his argument.


4) 

He gives examples to explain his concerns.

Question 5 (5 points)

 








Read the following excerpt from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham," then answer the question.

"We can never forget that everything Hitler did in Germany was 'legal' and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was 'illegal.' It was 'illegal' to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. But I am sure that, if I had lived in Germany during that time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers even though it was illegal. If I lived in a communist country today where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I believe I would openly advocate disobeying these anti-religious laws."

In this excerpt, King develops his rhetorical purpose by utilizing (5 points)

Question 5 options:


1) 

motif


2) 

juxtaposition


3) 

hyperbole


4) 

urgent adverbs

Question 6 (5 points)

 








Read the following excerpt from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham," then answer the question.

"I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and willingly accepts the penalty by staying in jail to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the very highest respect for law.

We can never forget that everything Hitler did in Germany was 'legal' and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was 'illegal.' It was 'illegal' to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. But I am sure that, if I had lived in Germany during that time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers even though it was illegal. If I lived in a communist country today where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I believe I would openly advocate disobeying these anti-religious laws."

Which statement best describes the tone of these paragraphs? (5 points)

Question 6 options:


1) 

His tone shifts from neutral to negative.


2) 

His tone shifts from logical to ironic.


3) 

His tone shifts from impersonal to personal.


4) 

His tone shifts from ironic to sarcastic.

Question 7 (5 points)

 








Read the following excerpt from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham," then answer the question.

"Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communities and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty."

Which rhetorical strategy does King rely on to reinforce the contrast between oppression and equality? (5 points)

Question 7 options:


1) 

Nature Motif


2) 

Cautionary advice


3) 

Colorful anecdotes


4) 

Extended analysis

Question 8 (5 points)

 








The following excerpt is from Union soldier Major Sullivan Ballou's Letter to Wife Sarah written in 1861. Read the passage, and then answer the question.

"How gladly would I wash out with my tears every little spot upon your happiness, and struggle with all the misfortune of this world, to shield you and my children from harm. But I cannot. I must watch you from the spirit land and hover near you, while you buffet the storms with your precious little freight, and wait with sad patience till we meet to part no more.

But, O Sarah! If the dead can come back to this earth and flit unseen around those they loved, I shall always be near you; in the garish day and in the darkest night—amidst your happiest scenes and gloomiest hours—always, always; and if there be a soft breeze upon your cheek, it shall be my breath; or the cool air fans your throbbing temple, it shall be my spirit passing by."

Which of the following best describes the motif that is present in this excerpt? (5 points)

Question 8 options:


1) 

Patriotism


2) 

Sickness


3) 

Nourishment


4) 

Weather

Question 9 (5 points)

 








The following excerpt is from Union soldier Major Sullivan Ballou's Letter to Wife Sarah written in 1861. Read the passage, and then answer the question.

"If it is necessary that I should fall on the battlefield for my country, I am ready. I have no misgivings about, or lack of confidence in, the cause in which I am engaged, and my courage does not halt or falter.

I know how strongly American Civilization now leans upon the triumph of the Government, and how great a debt we owe to those who went before us through the blood and suffering of the Revolution. And I am willing—perfectly willing—to lay down all my joys in this life, to help maintain this Government, and to pay that debt."

The purpose of placing this information in the beginning of the letter is to (5 points)

Question 9 options:


1) 

inform his wife of the details of the coming battle


2) 

explain his feelings about his possible demise


3) 

share his fears and hopes with his wife


4) 

describe the depths of his fear of death

Question 10 (5 points)

 








The following excerpt is from Union soldier Major Sullivan Ballou's Letter to Wife Sarah written in 1861. Read the passage, and then answer the question.

"I have sought most closely and diligently, and often in my breast, for a wrong motive in this hazarding the happiness of those I loved, and I could not find one. A pure love of my country, and of the principles I have often advocated before the people, and 'the name of honor, that I love more than I fear death,' have called upon me, and I have obeyed.

Sarah, my love for you is deathless. It seems to bind me with mighty cables, that nothing but Omnipotence can break; and yet, my love of country comes over me like a strong wind, and bears me irresistibly on with all those chains, to the battlefield. The memories of all the blissful moments I have spent with you come crowding over me, and I feel most deeply grateful to God and you, that I have enjoyed them so long. And how hard it is for me to give them up, and burn to ashes the hopes of future years, when, God willing, we might still have lived and loved together, and seen our boys grow up to honorable manhood around us.

I know I have but few claims upon Divine Providence, but something whispers to me, perhaps it is the wafted prayer of my little Edgar, that I shall return to my loved ones unharmed. If I do not, my dear Sarah, never forget how much I love you, nor that, when my last breath escapes me on the battle-field, it will whisper your name."

Which of the following lines from the excerpt uses metaphor to describe Ballou's feelings about the power of love? (5 points)

Question 10 options:


1) 

"I have sought most closely and diligently, and often in my breast, for a wrong motive in this hazarding the happiness of those I loved, and I could not find one."


2) 

"If I do not, my dear Sarah, never forget how much I love you, nor that, when my last breath escapes me on the battle-field, it will whisper your name."


3) 

"It seems to bind me with mighty cables, that nothing but Omnipotence can break; and yet, my love of country comes over me like a strong wind, and bears me irresistibly on with all those chains, to the battlefield."


4) 

"The memories of all the blissful moments I have spent with you come crowding over me, and I feel most deeply grateful to God and you, that I have enjoyed them so long."

Answer & Explanation
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