View the step-by-step solution to:

Exercise 2:

Exercise 2: The Suffix <-ive> (33 points) 

Various phonological, morphological, and morphophonological processes apply when the suffix <-ive> is added to roots in English, as seen in columns A, B, and C. Examine the data below and try to account for all the morphophonological changes that occur to the root as a result of the addition of <-ive>. Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. This way, it is easier to see your answer clearly. 

 

 

 

 

Part 1 

  N0 

Column A 

Column B 

Column C 

 

defend 

defend + ive 

defensive 

 

offend 

offend + ive 

offensive 

 

elude 

elude + ive 

elusive 

 

comprehend 

comprehend + ive 

comprehensive 

 

apprehend 

apprehend + ive 

apprehensive 

 

extend 

extend + ive 

extensive 

 

intense 

intense + ive 

intensive 

 

conclude 

conclude + ive 

conclusive 

 

expand 

expand + ive 

expansive 

 

corrode 

corrod + ive 

corrosive 

 

evade 

evade + ive 

evasive 

 

divide 

divide + ive 

divisive 

 

exclude 

exlude + ive 

exclusive 

 

include 

include + ive 

inclusive 

 

respond 

respond +ive 

responsive 

 

Note: The final <e> in the words in columns A and B do not play role in formulating the rule.1 

 

Use phonetic features to describe the final consonant of all the worlds in column A. Once again, ignore the final <e> at the end of some words. Answer the following questions: Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. 

 

Place of articulation: [+ ____________ ] (1pt) 

Manner of articulation: [+ ____________] (1pt) 

Voicing: [ ____________ ] (1pt) Note: do not forget to say whether it is + or -. 

 

When the suffix <-ive> is added to the final segment in the words in Column A, a change happens. Describe the phonetic features of the new sound that emerges when the suffix <-ive> is added: 

 

Place of articulation: [+ ____________ ] (1pt) 

Manner of articulation: [+ ____________ ] (1pt) 

Voicing: [ ____________ ] (1pt) Note: do not forget to say whether it is + or -. 

 

 

Now, turn your attention to the suffix <-ive> itself. It begins with the phoneme [ɪ]. Describe the phonetic features of [ɪ] by answering the following question: Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. 

 

Height: [+ ____________ ] (1pt) 

Frontness/Backness: [+ ____________ ] (1pt) 

Lip position: [+ ____________ ] (1pt) 

Tenseness/Laxness: [ + ____________ ] (1pt) 

 

Based on the phonetic features that you have described in your previous answers, state/formulate in prose the spelling-pronunciation rule that allows you (or any literate person) to read the final consonants of the words in Column A accurately as the words in Column C (3pts). Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. 

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a word diagram of the word <defensive> (3pts) 

          You may draw your diagram NEATLY by hand. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provide a syllable diagram of /dɪfɛnsɪv/ based on the phonemic transcription of Dictionary.com. (4 pts) 

             You may draw your diagram NEATLY by hand. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now, answer the following questions (6 pts): Note: do not say 1st, 2nd, or 3rd syllable because I do not know what these mean when it comes to syllables. Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. 

 

Is there any open syllable in this word? Copy and paste the open syllable here: 

 

Is there any closed syllable in this word? Copy and paste the closed syllable here: 

 

 

Is there any weak syllable in this word? Copy and paste the weak syllable here: 

 

 

Is there any strong syllable in this word? Copy and paste the strong syllable here: 

 

 

Is there any light syllable in this word? Copy and paste the light syllable here: 

 

Is there any heavy syllable in this word? Copy and paste the heavy syllable here: 

 

 

Now consider the words below. They also have to do with the suffix <-ive>. 

 

Part 2 

 

  N0 

Column A 

Column B 

Column C 

 

add 

*add +ive 

additive 

 

affirm 

*affirm + ive 

affirmative 

 

argument 

*argument + ive 

argumentative 

 

declare 

*declare + ive 

declarative 

 

repeat 

*repeat + ive 

repetitive 

 

presume 

*presume + ive 

presumptive 

 

form 

*form + ive 

formative 

 

inform 

*inform + ive 

informative 

 

transform 

*transform +ive 

transformative 

 

redeem 

*redeem + ive 

redemptive 

 

talk 

*talk + ive 

talkative 

 

The asterisk * means that the words in Column B are ill-formed (ungrammatical). 

 

In order for the words in Column A to become well-formed (grammatical), what morphophonological rule(s) must operate when the suffix <-ive> is added to the words in Column A in order to obtain the words in Column C? (2pts) Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assume that the underlying representation of <affirm> is the one given below. Provide the derivations that lead from the underlying orthographic representation to the surface orthographic representation (2pts). Use red or blue ink to fill in your responses. 

 

 

Underlying representation:        <affirm> 

 

 

 

 

 

Surface orthographic representation: <affirmative> 

 

Provide a word diagram of <affirmative> that clearly illustrates the structural morphology of <affirmative> (3pts). You may draw your diagram NEATLY by hand. 

 

Recently Asked Questions

Why Join Course Hero?

Course Hero has all the homework and study help you need to succeed! We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors.

-

Educational Resources
  • -

    Study Documents

    Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. Share your own to gain free Course Hero access.

    Browse Documents
  • -

    Question & Answers

    Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Satisfaction guaranteed!

    Ask a Question