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Funding the Future: Embryonic Stem Cell Research
recent studies show that there are many options besides working with embryonic stem cells. Stem cells can be obtained from umbilical cord blood or created by manipulating different cells (such as skin cells) to turn them into versatile states. These are alternatives that can help expand the acceptance of stem cell research. Further, It will be a vital component of cutting edge life sciences in the 21st century, but for medical researchers to participate competitively and responsibly, the federal government must reform its stem cell research policy in order to fund embryonic stem cell research. Therefore, The United States should allow US Federal funding to study embryonic stem cells if they don't want falling behind other countries who will be using this advancement.
In fact, On March 9, 2009, President Barack Obama issued an Executive Order lifting restrictions on the federal funding of human embryonic stem cell research that had been in place since August 9, 2001, when President George W. Bush announced a policy that federal funds could only be used to support research using human embryonic stem cells lines that were derived before that date. So what benefits of embryonic stem cells are? According to Vittana blog, Crystal Ayres explained that "The primary benefit of stem cell research is its clear potential. Since 1868, the idea of using stem cells as a medical treatment has been contemplated in one way or another, especially as we began to understand their full potential. With stem cell therapies, we have the potential to treat injuries, degenerative conditions, or even a genetic disease or disorder." The first reason why the government should generously fund stem cell research because it will lead to the advancement of medical science for humankind. For example, stems cells can possibly treat afflictions including "Alzheimer's diseases, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis" ("Stem Cell Basics"). Once the stem cells are administered into the patient's body, the cells move to the damaged area, engraft and multiply, replace damaged cells, and can restore the bodily functions of that area.
The future of embryonic stem cells and changes in the way cures use stem cells are being prioritized by countries. In 2000-2001, governments around the world are beginning to draft proposals and guidelines to control stem cell research and treat embryonic tissue and achieve universal policies to prevent "brain drain" (migration of leading scientists) between countries. That can be explained that the US will soon fall behind other countries. In an article "Future Of Stem Cell Research - Creating New Organs And Repairing Old Ones - Healthcare Trends And Biotech Keynote Speaker," the author, Patrick stated in his summary that "In summary, expect rapid progress in adult stem cells and slower, less intense work with embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cell technology is already looking rather last-century, along with therapeutic cloning. History will show that, by 2020, we were already able to produce a wide range of tissues using adult stem cells, with spectacular progress in tissue building and repair. In some cases, these stem cells will be actually incorporated into the new repairs as differentiated cells, in other cases, they will be temporary assistants in local repair processes." He also reveals high-tech application models that can help solve problems related to ethic. It seems that the only real opposition to stem cell research comes from the "moral majority." However, the time has shown that the advancement of science will eventually overtake any amount of opposition from the moral majority.
Some people argue the significant source of stem cells is human embryos and embryos can be obtained by cloning technology, but using this both ways is a violation of the moral aspect. In fact, to have a human embryo is not necessarily cloned, but using widely accepted techniques is in vitro fertilization. The embryos are formed for the purpose of harvesting embryo materials for treatment. However, many people believe that it is also inhuman action for human life. If there is an ethical argument about this issue, the question is why The United States has bombed and "accidentally" killed hundreds of thousands of innocent men, woman, and children. Why is it such a bad thing for a mother to have her child die to help and cure disease? The use of stem cell lines from other non-embryonic sources has been given more attention in recent years and has been shown to be a successful option to treat certain diseases. According to an article "Funding the Future: Embryonic Stem Cell Research," Stan stated that "Finally, if stem cell research were federally funded, the government would have the ability to establish clear regulations and guidelines about the use of the money. Therefore, the government can more easily enforce ethical research practices. Gov can require that researchers comply with regulations in order to receive the funding and can monitor the practices." This suggests that all moral issues will be easier to solve if there is support.
Others assert "Stem cell treatment" are too expensive and far from affordable. This is reasonable, In fact, most treatments that are approved for use in the US cost more than $10,000 per procedure. However, because the demanding of treatment with embryonic stem cell method is increasing. Many health insurance companies pay some transplant costs for some types of cancer. Insurance companies may also pay part of the cost of special care is needed when the patient returns home. There are also many fundraising programs or charity programs, where could help people really need treatment. One of the popular is "Be The Match Programs," a National Marrow Donor Program - Entrusted and under contract to operate the C.W. Bill Young Cell Transplantation Program, including Be The Match Registry. According to an article "Blood-Forming Stem Cell Transplants," center National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health published "All medical costs for the donation procedure are covered by Be The Match, or by the patient's medical insurance, as are travel expenses and other non-medical costs. The only costs to the donor might be time taken off from work." These things can be considered as evidence for the embryonic stem cell treatment research is more popular.
Finally, Federal funding for embryonic stem cell research will have far-reaching effects as successful as a scientific progression. The United States has long been thought to be one of the leading pioneers in developing medical progress in the world. If our scientists get support from the government, this will be a great opportunity for the United States to affirm its number one position in the world health industry. On the other hand, the United States will lag behind other countries because there is so much potential in this field of medicine if the U.S, doesn't move on.
Ayres, Crystal. "11 Stem Cell Research Pros and Cons." Web. 03 Aug. 2019.
Dixon, Patrick "Future Of Stem Cell Research - Creating New Organs And Repairing Old Ones - Heath Care Trends And Biotech Keynote Speaker." In May. 2014. Web 03 Aug. 2019.
Stand. "Funding the Future: Embryonic Stem Cell Research." 18 Apr. 2013. Web 04 Aug.2019.
National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health "How are umbilical cord stem cells obtained for transplantation?", in "Blood-Forming Stem Cell Transplants." 12 Aug. 2013. Web 03 Aug. 2019.