04_ogre_cho4. qxd 1/3/11 6:45 PM Page 137 Morphology: the analysis of word structure 137 18. The following words from Chamorro, spoken in Guam and...
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04_ogre_cho4. qxd 1/3/11 6:45 PM Page 137
Morphology: the analysis of word structure
137
18. The following words from Chamorro, spoken in Guam and the Mariana Islands, all
Involve derivation. (Data are presented in Chamorro orthography.)
I. Root
Derived word
a) adda
'mimic
adda
'mimicker'
b) kanno
eat'
kakanno
'eater'
c) tuge
"write'
tutuge
"writer'
II. Root
Derived word
d) atan
"look at'
atanon
"nice to look at'
e) sangan
'tell
sanganon
"tellable"
guaiya
"love"
guaiyayon
"lovable
g) tulalka
exchange'
tulaikayon
'exchangeable'
h) chalek
'laugh'
chalekon
laughable'
i) ngangas
chew
ngangason
chewable'
Ill. Root
Derived word
nalang
'hungry'
nalalang
"very hungry'
k) dankolo
"big'
dankololo
"very big"
D
metgot
'strong
metgogot
"very strong'
m) bunita
'pretty
bunitata
very pretty'
Like inflection, derivation can be expressed in a variety of ways-including by affixation
of various types (prefixation, suffixation, infixation) and by reduplication.
I) What morphological process is manifested in ? in II? in III?
D) Formulate a general statement as to how the derived words in I are formed. Do the
same for II and III.
Ill) One of these derivational processes consists of affixation involving allomorphs.
What is the distribution of the allomorphs?
19. The following words can be either nouns or verbs.
a) record
f) outline
k) report
b) journey
g) convict
D assault
c) exchange
h) Imprint
m) answer
d) remark
i) reply
n) import
e) surprise
j) retreat
o) cripple
) For each word, determine whether stress placement can be used to make the distinction
between noun and verb
1) Think of two more English examples illustrating the process of stress shift to mark a
category distinction.
20. Indicate the morphological phenomenon illustrated by the items in column 2.
Column 1
Column 2
a) automation
- automate
b) humid
humidifier
") Information, entertainment
Infotainment
d) love, seat
. loveseat
e) progress
* progress

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04_ogre_cho4. qad 1/3/11 10:24 PM Page 138
138
Chapter Four
f) typographical error
typo
g) aerobics, marathon
- aerobathon
h) act
- deactivate
i) curve, ball
curve ball
) perambulator
pram
k) (the) comb
> comb (your hair)
1) beef, buffalo
beefalo
m) random access memory
-RAM
n) megabyte
-meg
o) Europe, Asia
- Eurasia
P) applications (for a computer)
- apps
q) They have finished
. They've finished
r) Goods and Services Tax
- GST
21. Here are five instances where a new word is needed. Create a word for each of these
definitions in the manner indicated. Fill in the blanks with your new words.
) Use an acronym . . . for your uncle's second oldest brother.
"We visited my
at Christmas."
b) Use onomatopoeia. . . for the sound of a coffee percolator at work.
"I can't concentrate because my perc is
_Ing."
") Use conversion .. . for wrapping something breakable in bubbles.
"You'd better_
that ornament or else it might break."
d) Use a compound .. . for the annoying string of cheese stretching from a slice of hot
pizza to one's mouth.
"As the_
hung precariously from my lips, our eyes met!"
e) Use backformation .. . for the action of backformation.
"We had to
words in linguistics class today."
22. Create a word for each of the following situations.
) Use a product name . . . for the act of cleaning a mirror with Windex.
ed the the mirror to get rid of the fingerprints."
b) Use a proper name .. . for the act of breaking dishes, which Jonathan does regularly.
"He's going to_
all of my best dishes."
c) Use clipping . .. for a course in ovinology (the study of sheep).
"Have you done your_
assignment yet?"
d) Use derivation... for being able to be contacted.
"The counsellor is not very_
e) Use a blend . . . for a hot drink made with chocolate and ginseng.
"I'll have a
and two peanut butter cookies, please."
To read more on inflection and morphophonemics, go to the Companion Website at
www.pearsoncanada.ca/ogrady, Chapter 4.

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