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Item 1 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of

student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

The study of learning derives from essentially two sources. Because learning involves the acquisition of knowledge, the first concerns the nature of knowledge and how we come to know things.... The second source in which modern learning theory is rooted concerns the nature and representation of mental life.

References:

Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

The study of learning derives from essentially two sources. The first concerns the nature of knowledge and how we come to know things. The second source concerns the nature and representation of mental life.

 

 

References:

Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

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Item 2 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

Instructional designers typically employ models to guide their day-to-day work. Due to the increased practice of the systematic design of instruction in a growing number of settings, available models become more and more proliferated, focusing on particular types and contexts of learning, particular groups of learners or designers, or particular instructional units (either whole curricula or individual modules or lessons). The main goal of any instructional design process is to construct a learning environment in order to provide learners with the conditions that support desired learning processes.

References:

van Merriënboer, J. J. (1997). Training complex cognitive skills: A four-component instructional design model for technical training. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

"The main goal of any instructional design process is to construct a learning environment in order to provide learners with the conditions that support desired learning processes" (van Merriënboer, 1997, p. 2). Process models proliferate because more and more designers generate models that focus on specific contexts, learners, or even units of instruction, according to van Merriënboer (1997).


References:

van Merriënboer, J. J. (1997). Training complex cognitive skills: A four-component instructional design model for technical training. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

Hints

Item 3 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

While solitary negative reactions or unjustified suggestions for change have the potential to dissipate discourse rather than build it, the pattern analysis shows that the anonymous condition seemed to provide a safe explorative space for learners to try out more reasons for their multiple solutions. Teachers will rarely give anonymous feedback, but the experience of giving anonymous feedback may open a social space where learners can try out the reasons for their suggestions.

References:

Howard, C. D., Barrett, A. F., & Frick, T. W. (2010). Anonymity to promote peer feedback: Pre-service teachers' comments in asynchronous computer-mediated communication. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 89-112.

In their study of anonymity in an online peer feedback activity, the authors found that, under conditions of anonymity, learners seemed more inclined to provide reasons to back up their suggestions (Howard, Barrett, & Frick, 2010). Getting both suggestions and the reasons for the suggestions would be welcome in feedback I receive from peers or my instructors. Seeing the reasons would help me know that the suggestions have been thought through (even if I don't always agree with them).

References:

Howard, C. D., Barrett, A. F., & Frick, T. W. (2010). Anonymity to promote peer feedback: Pre-service teachers' comments in asynchronous computer-mediated communication. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 89-112.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

Hints

Item 4 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

There is a desperate need for theorists and researchers to generate and refine a new breed of learning-focused instructional design theories that help educators and trainers to meet those needs, (i.e., that focus on learning and that foster development of initiative, teamwork, thinking skills, and diversity). The health of instructional-design theory also depends on its ability to involve stakeholders in the design process.

References:

Reigeluth, C. M. (1999). What is instructional-design theory and how is it changing? In C. M. Reigeluth (Ed.), Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory (Vol. II, pp. 5-29). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

We need theorists and researchers to generate and refine learning-focused instructional design theories. Such theories will help educators and trainers to meet needs that focus on learning and that foster development of initiative, teamwork, thinking skills, and diversity. Instructional-design theory must involve stakeholders in the design process.


References:

Reigeluth, C. M. (1999). What is instructional-design theory and how is it changing? In C. M. Reigeluth (Ed.), Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory (Vol. II, pp. 5-29). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

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Item 5 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

If a bird used the 'There is a hawk' signal when there was no hawk, thereby frightening his colleagues away, leaving him to eat all their food, we might say he had told a lie. We would not mean he had deliberately intended consciously to deceive. All that is implied is that the liar gained food at the other birds' expense, and the reason the other birds flew away was that they reacted to the liar's cry in a way appropriate to the presence of a hawk.

References:

Dawkins, R. (1989). The selfish gene (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

For the purposes of the remaining text, we shall put the question of animal intention aside and consider an animal liar if it signals to fellow creatures the presence of a threat when it is not in fact there and, subsequently, benefits from not having to share resources (Dawkins, 1989).

 

 


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

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Item 6 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

The study of learning derives from essentially two sources. Because learning involves the acquisition of knowledge, the first concerns the nature of knowledge and how we come to know things.... The second source in which modern learning theory is rooted concerns the nature and representation of mental life.

References:

Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

The depiction and essence of mental life, the essential qualities of knowledge, and explanations for how knowledge is created provide for the origins of modern learning theory. Disagreement between theories of learning can often be traced to differences in one or more of these areas.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

Hints

Item 7 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

Murdoch's own moral philosophy has a great deal in common with the work of philosophers like Richard Rorty, Stanley Cavell and Martha Nussbaum. She shares with them not only the attempt to work out a chastened, usable, non-metaphysical discourse and vocabulary for a qualified humanist ethics but also their conception of the novel as an embodiment of moral philosophy.

References:

Bényei, T. (2003). Angelic omissions: Iris Murdoch's angels and ethical criticism. European Journal of English Studies, 7(2), 151-163.

 

Murdoch and number of other philosophers all tried to establish a subdued, non-metaphysical, and operational lexicon and discourse for a humanist ethics. According to Bényei (2003) "Murdoch's own moral philosophy has a great deal in common with the work of philosophers like Richard Rorty, Stanley Cavell and Martha Nussbaum" (p. 151). However, I have several points of contention with their assertions.

References:

Bényei, T. (2003). Angelic omissions: Iris Murdoch's angels and ethical criticism. European Journal of English Studies, 7(2), 151-163.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

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Item 8 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

Learning is a complex set of processes that may vary according to the developmental level of the learner, the nature of the task, and the context in which the learning is to occur. As already indicated, no one theory can capture all the variables involved in learning.

References:

Gredler, M. E. (2001). Learning and instruction: Theory into practice (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

A learning theory is made up of a set of constructs linking observed changes in performance with whatever is thought to bring about those changes. Therefore since learning is a complex set of processes that may vary according to the developmental level of the learner, the nature of the task, and the context in which the learning is to occur, it is apparent that no single theory can encapsulate all the components that learning involves.



Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

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Item 9 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

The Diffusion Simulation Game (DSG) teaches change management strategies which are consistent with Rogers' (2003) diffusion of innovation theory and related research. The player's goal within the DSG is to promote the acquisition of strategies that result in the adoption of an instructional innovation (peer tutoring) by the principal, teachers, and support staff at a fictional junior high school. The underlying model of the DSG represents several concepts of the diffusion of innovations theory such as: progressive adoption stages (awareness, interest, appraisal and trial, and adoption of the innovation), adopter types (innovators, early adopters, early majority, late majority, and laggards), opinion leaders, and gatekeepers.

Reference

Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations (5th ed.). New York: The Free Press.

 

References:

Lara, M. A., Myers, R., Frick, T. W., Aslan, S., & Michaelidou, T. (2010). A design case: Developing an enhanced version of the Diffusion Simulation Game. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 1(1). Retrieved from https://tedfrick.sitehost.iu.edu/

aDesignCaseIJDL2010.pdf

 

Diffusion of innovations theory concepts that are represented in the Diffusion Simulation Game include progressive adoption stages, adopter types, opinion leaders, and gatekeepers (Lara, Myers, Frick, Aslan, & Michaelidou, 2010). The problem of how to best get people to adopt an innovation should be particularly familiar to those interested in technology start-ups. Perhaps a version of the game could be created to help people learn about diffusion of innovations theory in an entrepreneurial context.

 

 

References:

Lara, M. A., Myers, R., Frick, T. W., Aslan, S., & Michaelidou, T. (2010). A design case: Developing an enhanced version of the Diffusion Simulation Game. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 1(1). Retrieved from https://tedfrick.sitehost.iu.edu/

aDesignCaseIJDL2010.pdf


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

Hints

Item 10 

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

In a complex task such as creating a website for learning, instructors may want to support the generation of multiple solutions in learners' peer feedback. Anonymity may create a social context where learners feel freer to express varied ideas, and make the task of giving feedback less inhibited. However, teachers need to know just how anonymity impacts the learning dynamic in order to make informed choices about when anonymous configurations are appropriate in peer feedback.

References:

Howard, C. D., Barrett, A. F., & Frick, T. W. (2010). Anonymity to promote peer feedback: Pre-service teachers' comments in asynchronous computer-mediated communication. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 89-112.

According to Howard, Barrett, and Frick (2010), in order to make appropriate choices educators must understand the ways in which hiding or showing the identity of participants can impact the interaction that takes place in peer feedback activities. Obscuring the identity of participants in peer feedback "may create a social context where learners feel freer to express varied ideas, and make the task of giving feedback less inhibited" (p. 90).

 

References:

Howard, C. D., Barrett, A. F., & Frick, T. W. (2010). Anonymity to promote peer feedback: Pre-service teachers' comments in asynchronous computer-mediated communication. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 89-112.


Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?

 Word-for-Word plagiarism

 Paraphrasing plagiarism

 This is not plagiarism

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