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Question

Can someone answer questions 1 and 2 for both pages? And also explain how they got those answers?

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Syntax
Consider:
The graces of writing and conversation are of different kinds, and though he who excels in
one might have been with opportunities and application equally successful in the other, yet as
many please by extemporary talk, though utterly unacquainted with the more accurate
method and more laboured beauties which composition requires; so it is very possible that
men, wholly accustomed to works of study, may be without that readiness of conception and
affluence of language, always necessary to colloquial entertainment.
- Samuel Johnson, "An Author's Writing and Conversation Contrasted"
Discuss:
1. The main idea of this sentence is stated in the first ten words. What purpose does the rest
of the sentence serve?
2. What is the purpose of the semicolon? How does the use of a semicolon reinforce the
meaning of this sentence?
Apply:
Rewrite this sentence in modern English, retaining its meaning and basic structure. Your
sentence may be shorter than Johnson's! Share your sentence with a partner."
80 / Lesson 12: Syntax

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Syntax
Consider:
There is another and curious class of cases in which close external resemblance does not
depend on adaptation to similar habits of life, but has been gained for the sake of protection.
I allude to the wonderful manner in which certain butterflies imitate . . . other and quite
distinct species. .. . The mockers and mocked always inhabit the same region; we never find
an imitator living remote from the form which it imitates. The mockers are almost invariably
rare insects; the mocked in almost every case abound in swarms.
- Charles Darwin, "Analogical Resemblances," The Origin of Species
Discuss:
1. Why does Darwin use a semicolon rather than a period in the last two sentences of this
passage?
2. What effect does the sentence structure have on the meaning of the passage?
Apply:
Write a sentence with two independent clauses describing two schools in your area. Join the
two clauses with a semicolon. The two clauses should emphasize the differences between the
two schools. Remember not to use a conjunction to join the two clauses. Share your sentence
with a partner.

Top Answer

The second sentence explains the first by providing extra details and they are closely related The sentence length lends... View the full answer

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