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John Steinbeck, The Pearl. "Colonialism is dehumanizing." Drawing

illustrations from John Steinbeck's, "The Pearl," Justify this statement.




Excerpt
Helmer: Now you have destroyed all my happiness. You have ruined all my future. It is horrible to think of! I am in the power of an unscrupulous man; he can do what he likes with me, ask anything he likes of me, give me orders he pleases — I dare not refuse. And I must sink to such miserable depths because of a thoughtless woman!
Nora: When I am out of the way, you will be free.
Helmer: No fine speeches, please. Your father had always plenty of those ready, too. What good would it be to me if you were out of the Way, as you say? Not the slightest. He can make the affair known everywhere; and if he does, I may be falsely suspected of having been a party to your criminal action. Very likely people will think I was behind it all —that it was I who prompted you! And I have to thank you for all this you whom I have cherished during the whole of our married life. Do you understand now what it is you have done for me?
Nora: (coldly and quietly) Yes.


Briefly explain the events that lead to this excerpt. 6mks


What is so ironical about Helmer's reaction after reading Krogstad's letter? 4mks


Give and illustrate two themes brought out in the excerpt 4mks


What is it that Nora did that makes Helmer so angry? 4mks


What does Helmer's reaction reveal about him? 2mks


What happens immediately after the excerpt? 3mks




When am out of the way, you will be free. (Add a question tag) 2 mks




Question 2


Over dinner, in church, at a funeral service and even when carrying on face-to-face conversation, the smartphone is guaranteed to keep you in tune and in touch. It is common to see careless people texting while driving despite the fact that it is six times more dangerous to text and drive than to drink and drive. Because of this over-dependence on the smartphone, many people suffer from the fear of losing it, even if only for a few minutes. The "I must- have-my-phone-with-me-at-all-times" mindset has become such a real problem. There's now a name coined for the fear of being without phone: nomophobia -no-mo(bile) phone-phobia. Nomophobia is the fear of not being able to connect to the digital world by the means of mobile phone. Although there is no ICD-10 code (the required classification for any medical condition) yet for this specific affliction, researchers into the phenomenon describe nomophobic people as individuals who suffer from the anxiety of not having their mobile phone. The anxiety commonly manifests itself when the person notices their smartphones has a low battery, no internet connection or if it is missing and one is therefore out of the loop with friends, family, work and the world. We are ever so busy with gadgets that we intrude into other people's space. As our culture becomes ever more tech savvy and tech hungry, phone-free zones will become more and more common. Just like we have smoke-free zones in public places, we are starting to see quiet corners, where phone calls are restricted. It's because common courtesy is often thrown out the window when we're on the phone. Some airports are now offering lounges that are cell phone free. Just like cigarettes, the mobile phone pendulum is beginning to swing as more and more people acquire monophonic tendencies. Considering the Smartphone's new abilities and capabilities, they are now being used like digital 'Swiss Army Knives', replacing possessions like watches, cameras, books and even laptops. Today the Smartphone is capable of being  an alarm clock, digital camera, and even television, which causes users to become heavily dependent on it. Psychologists advise that, while monophobia could possibly never receive a diagnosis, it is certainly a rising trend. If you constantly find yourself using your Smartphone at odd times, such as dinner table, while driving, or even in washroom, try your best to refrain from it and use it only when it is safe and not considered rude. Setting limits for yourself and engaging with family and friends face-to-face can help calm the anxiety of continuously checking your phone. (Adapted from Sunday Nation May 25, 2014)   Questions Why is technology said to be overtaking our daily lives?    (2marks) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... In point form, state the uses of a phone.       (4marks) ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................. What are the bad habits that result from over-dependency on the phone as seen in the passage and how can they be managed?        (4marks) ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................. When does anxiety manifest itself more with the use of a phone?  (3marks) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................   According to the passage, why is there need for free zones in public places.   (1mark) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................   'Some airports are now offering lounges that are cellphone free.' Rewrite using a question tag. (1mark) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... What is the author's attitude towards smartphones?     (2marks) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Give the meaning of the following words as used in the passage:   (3marks) Myriad........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Ubiquitous........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Plethora...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


(a) Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each .Do not change the meaning.


Lillian Gilbreth invented the step - on garbage can. Her children wrote about her life.  (Join into one sentence using 'whose')  .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (ii) My brother and me have been taking piano lessons for six years. (Rewrite correctly)  ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................  (iii) Is this the only blue car in your showroom?  (Begin: Aren't) .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (b) Punctuate the following sentences correctly:        (2 marks)


(i) The frog states an old African proverb does not jump without a reason  .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (ii) The principal said thank you for the information Mrs. Mulwa. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (c) Rewrite the following in passive voice:  (i) People say this new material is very good. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (ii) A student dentist took two of my teeth out. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (iii)A guide took me round Fort Jesus. ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


(d) Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words given in brackets:    (2 marks)


(i) In some areas the wildlife has had difficulty _______________ (adopting/adapting) to the presence of tourists.


(ii) The graceful movements of the horse create the ______________ (illusion/allusion) of a four-legged ballet.

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