26 A sociologist reasoned that, since it is an observable fact that
an increase in reported crimes correlates with a decrease in the number of people who attend church in recent years, this shows that lack of church attendance leads to crime. Which of the following is true?
-The researcher fails to distinguish between different types of crimes.
-the study assumes that a correlation implies that one variable must be the cause of the other, and therefore commits "false cause fallacy."
-This an example of good inductive reasoning.
-There is no way to operationally define a spiritual event like church attendance.
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