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Question 1   Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing...

Question 1 

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from Senator Marco Rubio's April 2015 Speech at Miami's Freedom Tower.

"I find comfort in the ancient command to, 'Be strong and courageous! Do not tremble or be dismayed.'"

In these lines, Rubio encourages Americans to (5 points)

 a

be content with the present

 b

rely on the glory of the past

 c

fight against inequality

 d

approach life without fear

Question 2 

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from then-Senator Barack Obama's November 2007 Speech on the "American Dream"

"When our fellow Americans are denied the American dream, our own dreams are diminished. And today, the cost of that dream is rising faster than ever before. While some have prospered beyond imagination in this global economy, middle-class Americans—as well as those working hard to become middle class—are seeing the American dream slip further and further away.

You know it from your own lives. Americans are working harder for less and paying more for health care and college. For most folks, one income isn't enough to raise a family and send your kids to college. Sometimes, two incomes aren't enough. It's harder to save. It's harder to retire. You're doing your part, you're meeting your responsibilities, but it always seems like you're treading water or falling behind. And as I see this every day on the campaign trail, I'm reminded of how unlikely it is that the dreams of my family could be realized today..."

Which type of rhetorical device is used in the lines, "It's harder to save. It's harder to retire"? (5 points)

 a

Allusion

 b

Hyperbole

 c

Anaphora

 d

Juxtaposition

Question 3

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from Senator Marco Rubio's April 2015 Speech at Miami's Freedom Tower.

"But because they were not born into wealth or power, their future was destined to be defined by their past."

The purpose of including this line at the beginning of his speech is to (5 points)

 a

build an emotion of hope by creating an image of contrast

 b

engage the audience by establishing authority and credibility

 c

add reliability to his argument by quoting experts

 d

establish concrete examples, details, facts, or reasons from the start

Question 4

Which of the following clichés is the best example of juxtaposition? (5 points)

 a

Do not count your chickens before they hatch.

 b

He moves to the beat of a different drummer.

 c

When the going gets tough, the tough get going.

 d

The more things change, the more they stay the same.

Question 5

Which phrase best completes the juxtaposition? (5 points)

The nervous bleats of sheep and the

 a

frantic howling of wolves

 b

desperate whistling of shepherds

 c

comforting song of the farmer

 d

lonely bray of the donkey

Question 6 

Which types of appeals are most often found at the end of a speech to show the audience the importance of the issue, as well as remind them of the facts and the speaker's credibility and desire to see the right course of action taken? (5 points)

 a

Pathos and ethos

 b

Pathos and logos

 c

Pathos, logos, and ethos

 d

Logos and ethos

Question 7 

Which of the following phrases is the best example of an appeal to logos? (5 points)

 a

You will make the right choice because you have something that few others have: you have heart.

 b

Approximately 610,000 people die of heart disease in America every year.

 c

I know someone who has heart disease, and I have talked with leading researchers about it.

 d

Every year, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving—not only creating recipes but also memories.

Question 8 

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from the beginning Senator Marco Rubio's April 2015 Speech at Miami's Freedom Tower.

"After months of deliberation and prayer about the future of our country, I have come here tonight to make an announcement on how I believe I can best serve her.

I chose to make this announcement at the Freedom Tower because it is a symbol of our nation's identity as the land of opportunity. And I am more confident than ever that despite our troubles, we have it within our power to make our time another American Century.

In this very room five decades ago, tens of thousands of Cuban exiles began their new lives in America. Their story is part of the larger story of the American miracle. How, united by a common faith in their God given right to go as far as their talent and work would take them, a collection of immigrants and exiles, former slaves and refugees, became one people, and together built the freest and most prosperous nation ever."

The purpose of placing the line, "Their story is part of the larger story of the American miracle. How, united by a common faith in their God given right to go as far as their talent and work would take them, a collection of immigrants and exiles, former slaves and refugees, became one people, and together built the freest and most prosperous nation ever," at the beginning of his speech is to (5 points)

 a

establish his credibility with concrete examples, details, facts, or reasons

 b

engage the audience emotionally through the use of connotative language

 c

establish a sense of right or wrong to help the audience see the relevance of the issue

 d

establish authority and credibility with specific facts to engage the audience

Question 9 

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from then-Senator Barack Obama's November 2007 Speech on the "American Dream."

"The steel plant had closed. Jobs were disappearing. In a forgotten corner of America, the American dream was slipping away. And I knew dreams are worth fighting for."

The purpose of including this line at the beginning of his speech is to (5 points)

 a

build an emotion of hope by creating an image of equality

 b

engage the audience by establishing authority and credibility

 c

add reliability to his argument by quoting experts

 d

establish the need for hope by using concrete examples

Question 10 

Read the following excerpt carefully before choosing your answer.

This passage is from the end of then-Senator Barack Obama's November 2007 Speech on the "American Dream."

"The dreams of my grandmother—who was up at dawn and worked twice as hard at her job because a woman had to work harder to get ahead.

The dreams of my father who crossed an ocean because America offered that light to the world.

The dreams of my mother—a single mom who understood that a life rich in family and experience was more important than a life of riches.

The dreams of those men and women on the South Side of Chicago, who fought with me to create a future for their community after the steel plant was shuttered."

The purpose of placing the line, "The dreams of my mother—a single mom who understood that a life rich in family and experience was more important than a life of riches," at the end of his speech is to (5 points)

 a

offer details and examples and leave his audience with concrete support for his argument

 b

establish emotional distance from the issue and show his reserve when faced with conflict

 c

leave the audience with facts that create a lasting impression of his authority and credibility

 d

offer contrasting and connotative images to inspire the audience to share his vision

Answer & Explanation
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