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Question 1 (Mandatory) (1 point)Which sentence below expresses numbers correctly?Question 1 options:a) 

 

Evgenia was crushed to finish in fourth place and miss out on a medal.


b) 

Evgenia was crushed to finish in 4th place and miss out on a medal.


c) 

Evgenia was crushed to finish in 4th (Fourth) place and miss out on a medal.


d) 

Evgenia was crushed to finish in Fourth place and miss out on a medal.

Question 2 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Which sentence below expresses numbers correctly?

Question 2 options:


a) 

Do you have change for a $20? I need two dollars for bus fare.


b) 

I found ten dollars in the street!


c) 

20% of a $25.00 check comes to $5.00.


d) 

These jeans are $49.99, but they'll be on sale for only $20 tomorrow.

Question 3 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Which sentence below uses punctuation correctly?

Question 3 options:


a) 

Moving was a big hassle, still the other apartment had; a washer and dryer.


b) 

Moving was a big hassle, still; the other apartment had a washer and dryer.


c) 

Moving was a big hassle; still, the other apartment had a washer and dryer.


d) 

Moving was a big hassle; still the other apartment had a washer and dryer.

Question 4 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Which sentence below uses punctuation correctly?

Question 4 options:


a) 

Jumping to conclusions; however, is never a good idea.


b) 

Lola needed to choose; nonetheless she couldn't make up her mind.


c) 

It should have been an easy call, instead; the umpire hesitated and the crowd started booing.


d) 

First, I gather all the facts; next, I ask my friends for advice.

Question 5 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Which sentence below uses punctuation correctly?

Question 5 options:


a) 

My roommate does the most annoying things, like leaving dirty dishes under his bed, slamming doors at all hours, and wearing my socks before putting them back in the drawer.


b) 

My roommate does the most annoying things: like, leaving dirty dishes under his bed, slamming doors at all hours, and wearing my socks before putting them back in the drawer.


c) 

My roommate does the most annoying things, like: leaving dirty dishes under his bed, slamming doors at all hours, and wearing my socks before putting them back in the drawer.


d) 

My roommate does the most annoying things: like leaving dirty dishes under his bed, slamming doors at all hours, and wearing my socks before putting them back in the drawer.

Question 6 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Which salutation and first line of a letter below uses punctuation correctly?

Question 6 options:


a) 

Hey Tony:

Man, it was great to see you and the guys again last weekend!


b) 

To the manager of the service department,

Two weeks ago, I brought my car in to Roberts Motors for the following work: an oil change, tire rotation, and new windshield wipers.


c) 

Sweetie!

When you come up to the cabin don't forget to bring: sunscreen, flip-flops, and some of your killer guacamole.


d) 

Dear Ms. Garcia:

I am writing in regards to the job opening in your sales department.

Question 7 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Which sentence below uses punctuation correctly?

Question 7 options:


a) 

Astronauts snapped the first photo of the bright, blue Earth rising over the empty moon in December 1969, and our view of the world was changed forever.


b) 

Astronauts snapped the first photo of the bright, blue Earth rising over the empty moon in December 1969 and our view of the world was changed forever.


c) 

Astronauts snapped the first photo of the bright, blue Earth rising over the empty moon in December, 1969 and our view of the world was changed forever.


d) 

Astronauts snapped the first photo of the bright, blue Earth rising over the empty moon in December, 1969, and our view of the world was changed forever.

Question 8 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read the following prompt:

   Based on past Supreme Court cases involving the First Amendment, explain whether the federal government has the power to cancel the broadcast license of a media company for transmitting "fake news."

Which essay structure is most appropriate for this prompt?

Question 8 options:


a) 

compare/contrast


b) 

persuasion


c) 

analysis


d) 

summarize

Question 9 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read the following prompt:

   Speculate on the likely impact of Brexit on the economy of the United Kingdom.

Which essay structure is most appropriate for this prompt?

Question 9 options:


a) 

compare/contrast


b) 

persuasion


c) 

summarize


d) 

analysis

Question 10 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read the following prompt:

   Should social media companies be legally required to reveal the identities of users suspected of a crime? Justify your position.

Which essay structure is most appropriate for this prompt?

Question 10 options:


a) 

summarize


b) 

analysis


c) 

persuasion


d) 

compare/contrast

Question 11 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read this excerpt from a passage.

   There have been many cases where portions of the text or entire articles have been removed from school newspapers for being inappropriate. A famous Supreme Court case involving this issue occurred in 1988 in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. The principal of Hazelwood East High School prohibited two topics from being printed in the school newspaper. Hazelwood East students brought the case to court, arguing that their First Amendment right to free speech had been violated. In this case, the court ruled that the principal did not violate the students' free speech right. The court pointed out that the school newspaper was not a "public forum," and that, therefore, students did not have the same First Amendment rights as other journalists (Student Press Law Center, 2014). Many people were outraged by this decision and continue to fight censorship in school newspapers.

 

What was an effect of the Supreme Court's ruling in the case mentioned?

Question 11 options:


a) 

The principal from Hazelwood chose to resign due to the outrage of the case.


b) 

School newspapers are subject to continued censorship by school administrators.


c) 

The students who brought the case were proven to be right and were able to publish the topics.


d) 

Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier became a world-famous case upholding free speech rights.

Question 12 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read this excerpt from a passage.

   The Post Office Department served Americans until 1970, when it was reorganized as the United States Postal Service. By federal law, the USPS must provide mail service to all Americans regardless of cost or location. For most of its 44-year history, the USPS turned a profit and was financially self-sufficient (Gattuso). Americans relied heavily on the USPS to send and receive invitations, birthday greetings, legal notices, bills, checks, and even love letters.

   However, this all changed in 2007. Starting in 2007, a dramatic drop in demand sent the USPS over a financial cliff. Because of the rise of digital communication, Americans were simply no longer mailing cards, letters, flyers, invitations, announcements, bills, statements, and solicitations as they had in the past. The volume of U.S. mail peaked in 2006 at 213 billion pieces, but in 2007 the numbers quickly began to drop. Since 2007, the total volume of all mail has dropped 25 percent and since 2001 the volume of first-class mail has declined by nearly one-third ("Pieces of Mail").

 

What caused the rapid decline in the volume of first-class mail?

Question 12 options:


a) 

In 2007, the economy went over a financial cliff and people stopped using the USPS.


b) 

The ability to communicate digitally caused a change in people's behavior: they no longer had to send correspondence by mail.


c) 

Americans decided that they relied too heavily on the USPS to send and receive correspondence, so they stopped using their services.


d) 

The price of sending a piece of mail became too expensive for most Americans.

Question 13 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read these sentences.

   Each time I wash my car it rains the next day. If I wash my car today, it will rain tomorrow.

Which type of logical fallacy appears in these sentences?

Question 13 options:


a) 

Reversing causal direction


b) 

Correlation proves causation


c) 

Fallacy of the single cause


d) 

Cherry picking

Question 14 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read the following paragraph.

   One cause of overfishing has been a cavalier attitude toward the earth's oceans. Fishers and fishing fleets saw oceans full of fish and concluded that the oceans were inexhaustible. They treated the oceans as if their actions would have no future consequences. Take as many fish as you want; throw out or kill what you do not want; do whatever harm you want: these attitudes have all too often ruled the seas.

What does the word cavalier mean as it is used here?

Question 14 options:


a) 

extremely interested


b) 

without concern


c) 

respectful


d) 

protective

Question 15 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read the following paragraph:

   The world faces a calamitous food crisis if we do not stop overfishing. According to the United Nations, about one billion people, mostly in developing countries, rely on fish as their primary source of animal protein. What will they do when the fish run out? That crisis could occur soon.

What does the word calamitous mean as it is used here?

Question 15 options:


a) 

seasonal


b) 

limited


c) 

escalating


d) 

devastating

Question 16 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Use this dictionary entry to answer the question.

un- (prefix): reverses the meaning of the word

   The two were unacquainted before they met at the Super G.

What does the word unacquainted mean in the sentence?

Question 16 options:


a) 

not happy


b) 

not comfortable


c) 

not known to each other


d) 

not from the same place

Question 17 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Read this excerpt from a passage.

   In 2010, a research team at the University of Minnesota began a three-year study of later start times at high schools in three states. They compared schools having earlier, more traditional start times with schools starting at times that correspond better to teens' circadian rhythms. Not surprisingly, the results, published in 2014, showed that some positive things happened at the schools with later start times. Students earned higher grades in core subject areas. They performed better on achievement tests. And there were fewer absences and tardy arrivals. The research team reported other benefits associated with a later school start time (which means more sleep for teens).

What was an effect researchers discovered at the later start-time schools?

Question 17 options:


a) 

Students had the same amount of absences and tardy arrivals.


b) 

Students had less success in key courses.


c) 

Students had greater satisfaction in schools.


d) 

Students performed better on achievement tests.

Question 18 (Mandatory) (1 point)

 








Use this dictionary entry to answer the question.

fore- (prefix): before

   She could never foresee that her thoughtless actions would result in consequences, so she kept making terrible mistakes.

Based on the dictionary entry, what does the word foresee mean? 

Question 18 options:


a) 

predict


b) 

care


c) 

remember


d) 

understand

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