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Which theory of First Language Acquisition suggests that children are born with an inborn device to learn language?

    a.interactionist

    b.behaviorist

    c.innatist

    d.linguistic dimension


    2. Which of the following is NOT a similarity between first and second language acquisition?

    a.learners acquire language through interacting with others

    b.learners may go through a silent period

    c.learners may use cognates to comprehend new vocabulary

    d.A highly-contextualized, language rich environment will facilitate language production


    3. Discourse competence specifically includes:

    a.combining utterances into a meaningful product like speech or writing to convey a message

    b.compensations for breakdowns in communication

    c.paralinguistic (nonverbal) cues

    d.spelling


    4. On average, how many years does it take to attain grade-level linguistic norms when students are only educated using the L2?

    a.5-10 years

    b.1-2 years

    c.10-20 years

    d.3-5 years


    5. Which of the following is NOT an example of scaffolding?

    a.observing cloud types and then writing about the types

    b.writing a book report about a teacher selected chapter book

    c.learning vocabulary about maps by creating a map of the school

    d.growing plants in the classroom to learn the life cycle of plants


    6. At which stage of language fluency can students write with a more extensive vocabulary and engage in independent reading and self-evaluation?

    a.early production

    b.speech emergence

    c.intermediate fluency

    d.advanced fluency


    7. During which stage of language fluency should teachers be more aware of slowing down their speech and creating opportunities for choral readings?

    a. preproduction

    b.speech emergence

    c.intermediate fluency

    d.advanced fluency


    8. During which stage of language fluency do CLD students increase their use of the native language as a resource, use richer and fuller sentences with varied vocabulary and rely less on contextual clues when reading?

    a.preproduction

    b.speech emergence

    c.intermediate fluency

    d.advanced fluency





    9.Which of the following is NOT a reading skill that transfers from the L1 to L2 and so must be explicitly taught?

    a.habits and attitudes

    b.the idea that literacy is symbolic

    c.self-esteem of the student

    d.rhetorical structure


    10)According to Dr. Kuhl's research, the babies in her study learned Mandarin from TV at the same rate as babies exposed to a human speaking to them in Mandarin.

    a.True

    b.False


    11. According to Dr. Kuhl in the video, at what age do USA babies differentiate the sounds ra and la?

    a.1-2 months

    b.3-4 months

    c.4-6 months

    d.10-12 months


    12.In the article Second Language Acquisition in Adults, the authors support all of the following except:

    a.Creating varied and challenging instructional activities

    b.Teaching isolated grammar rules

    c.Creating tasks that encourage interactions and use of authentic language and meaningful communication

    d.Teaching word families and using word association activities



    13.According to the article What is translanguaging, translanguaging

    a.is the use of different languages together

    b.can be a powerful tool for learning

    c.can also go against the grain for language teachers who are used to supporting learners to master the intricacies of a single language

    d.all of these


    14.Translanguaging focuses on

    a.grammar

    b.phonics

    c.communication

    d.semantics


    15. Translanguaging pedagogy:

    a.sees language as the property of the community

    b.can be a political act used against the monolingual bias of current education policy

    c.all of these

    d.challenges the two solitudes approach to bilingualism


    Reference:

    Herrera, S. G., & Murry, K. G. (2016). Mastering ESL/EFL methods: Differentiated instruction for culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students (3rd edition). Pearson.


    video: 

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G2XBIkHW954

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