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After going through the explanation below, Remember the following...

After going through the explanation below,

Remember the following codes when editing your writing for commas:

AS, NS, VS, IE, 2IC, NRC

 

AS—Adjectives in a Series:  When a list of adjectives is not separated by a conjunction(s), place commas between them.

 

  • You are intelligent, disciplined, honest and compassionate.

 

  • Those were some big, hairy spiders.

 

NS—Nouns in a Series (more than two nouns):  When a list of nouns or noun phrases is not separated by a conjunction(s), place commas between them.

 

  • His heroes are Søren Kierkegaard, Lao Tzu, C. S. Lewis, George Orwell, and Fred Hampton.

 

  • My ipod has libraries of cool jazz, classic rock and underground hip-hop. 

 

VS—Verbs in a Series:  When a list of verbs or verb phrases is not separated by a conjunction(s), place commas between them.

 

  • Her dog just eats, poops, sleeps and repeats.

 

  • Many Buddhist bhikkhus say that enlightenment is to simply eat your rice, move your bowels, sleep through the night and repeat.

 

2IC—Two Independent Clauses (or "compound sentences"):  If two independent clauses (two complete sentences) are joined with a coordinating conjunction, place a comma before the conjunction.

 

(Remember, only use the "FANBOYS" when conjoining two independent clauses—two complete sentences—: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So)

 

  • Stick Figure is her favorite musical artist, and "Weight of Sound" is her favorite song.

 

IE—Introductory Elements:  An introductory element is a word or phrase before the main, independent, part of the sentence.  It usually tells you something about the main clause.

 

  • Before John Stewart appeared on television, he operated a hotdog cart.

 

  • Actually, Stewart is a vegetarian.

 

 

 

 

 

NRC—Non-Restrictive Clauses:  These clauses are often known as "the part you could just take out"; they include parenthetical comments, appositives, contrasting elements, interjections, direct addresses, dates, conjunctive adverbs, and other transitional words and phrases.  They're sometimes at the end of a sentence.

 

  • "Parenthetical" Comment/Appositive—Fred Jones, who won the lottery, owns fourteen   

       SUVs.

 

  • Contrasting Elements (Key words: but, yet, not)—Marge, not Lisa, has a blue hairdo.

 

  • Interjections—Well, no, I didn't realize that.

 

  • Direct Address—Please, dude, take a bath.

 

  • Dates (commas go between the day and year as well as after the year)—John F. Kennedy died on November 22nd, 1963, the same day that Aldous Huxley and C. S. Lewis died.

 

  • Conjunctive Adverbs (however, nevertheless, nonetheless, likewise, therefore, consequently, furthermore,  moreover)—You will succeed, nonetheless.

 

 

 

 

 

DO NOT USE A COMMA . . . 

  • To separate a subject from its verb.
  • To separate a verb from its object.
  • Before a coordinating conjunction (FANBOY) unless conjoining two complete sentences.

please answer the following:

 

Practice with Commas:  Write the Code (AS, NS, VS, IE, 2IC, NRC) that Corresponds to the Commas Used in the Following Sentences.

 

_____Clean dorm rooms, according to Newsweek, are considered illegal at EIU.

 

_____The drunken contractor declared that the house had been built properly, so we 

immediately had the place bulldozed

 

_____The closet contained old, worn clothes and, worse than that, clothes she had stolen.

 

_____The uninvited bird pranced across our pumpkin pie, but we ate it anyway.

 

_____Running blindfolded through the minefield was exciting, but what happened to 

Kenny?

 

_____He gave all of his cash to the robber, who promised the money would be donated to charity.

 

_____Maggie usually just sucks on her pacifier, and I bet she'll never speak.

 

_____Snails, which never made good pets anyway, have a great future as a pizza topping.

 

_____She reads everything, but understands zip.

 

_____She reads everything, but she understands zip.

 

Insert Commas Wherever They Are Needed in the Following Sentences.  Write the Code for the Comma(s) You Use After the Sentence.

 

As he laughed out loud at the "Get Fuzzy" cartoon he realized he was an idiot.

 

Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet concerns the difficulties of young lust.

 

Listening to the old woman Quentin heard a complaint about his dog which he lost in a poker game.

 

Mr. and Mrs. Spears my limo driver's mortal enemies cut in front of us on Main Street last night.

 

Daria who usually refuses to tell anyone how she feels said that she wasn't feeling well enough to go to the monster truck rally.

 

Some students seem to believe that alcoholics are good influences on a college campus but not in the home.

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