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ENGLISH PROFICIENCY EXAM Ashford University PSY 202 week 4 test 1. Many people believe that leaders are born, not made.

ENGLISH PROFICIENCY EXAM
Ashford University PSY 202 week 4 test

1. Many people believe that leaders are born, not made. However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed. First, determination is the key to becoming a strong leader. Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree. A person who is willing to work hard to accomplish goals in the face of challenges would, indeed, make a great leader. Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader. A person who surrounds himself or herself with new ideas and perspectives can certainly learn to be a more open and fair leader. A leader who thoughtfully considers different points of view can help bridge divides and solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership. Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community. It is this ability to inspire that distinguishes a strong leader from a merely competent leader. While there have been many unforgettable leaders whose abilities seem so natural to them, people must not forget that these abilities can be learned and honed over time.
Identify the supporting detail that contains a transitional word or phrase. (Points : 1)
A person who surrounds oneself with new ideas and perspectives can certainly learn to be a more open and fair leader.
Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership.
While there have been many unforgettable leaders whose abilities seem so natural to them, people must not forget that these abilities can be learned and honed over time.

2. Many people believe that leaders are born, not made. However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed. First, determination is the key to becoming a strong leader. Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree. A person who is willing to work hard to accomplish goals in the face of challenges would, indeed, make a great leader. Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader. A person who surrounds himself or herself with new ideas and perspectives can certainly learn to be a more open and fair leader. A leader who thoughtfully considers different points of view can help bridge divides and solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership. Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community. It is this ability to inspire that distinguishes a strong leader from a merely competent leader. While there have been many unforgettable leaders whose abilities seem so natural to them, people must not forget that these abilities can be learned and honed over time.
Identify the sentence that is a supporting detail for the following: “Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader.” (Points : 1)
Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community.
A leader who thoughtfully considers different points-of-view can help bridge divides and solve problems efficiently.
Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree.

3. Many people believe that leaders are born, not made. However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed. First, determination is the key to becoming a strong leader. Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree. A person who is willing to work hard to accomplish goals in the face of challenges would, indeed, make a great leader. Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader. A person who surrounds himself or herself with new ideas and perspectives can certainly learn to be a more open and fair leader. A leader who thoughtfully considers different points of view can help bridge divides and solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership. Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community. It is this ability to inspire that distinguishes a strong leader from a merely competent leader. While there have been many unforgettable leaders whose abilities seem so natural to them, people must not forget that these abilities can be learned and honed over time.
Identify the rhetorical strategy or writing pattern that best describes this type of paragraph. (Points : 1)
Examples
Narration
Compare/Contrast





4.

Many people believe that leaders are born, not made. However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed. First, determination is the key to becoming a strong leader. Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree. A person who is willing to work hard to accomplish goals in the face of challenges would, indeed, make a great leader. Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader. A person who surrounds himself or herself with new ideas and perspectives can certainly learn to be a more open and fair leader. A leader who thoughtfully considers different points of view can help bridge divides and solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership. Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community. It is this ability to inspire that distinguishes a strong leader from a merely competent leader. While there have been many unforgettable leaders whose abilities seem so natural to them, people must not forget that these abilities can be learned and honed over time.

Identify the sentence that is a supporting detail for the following: “Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership.”
(Points : 1)
Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader.
Determination can be learned everyday by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree.
Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community.

5. Many people believe that leaders are born, not made. However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed. First, determination is the key to becoming a strong leader. Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, such as learning how to use the Internet, and bigger goals, like earning a bachelor’s degree. A person who is willing to work hard to accomplish goals in the face of challenges would, indeed, make a great leader. Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader. A person who surrounds himself or herself with new ideas and perspectives can certainly learn to be a more open and fair leader. A leader who thoughtfully considers different points of view can help bridge divides and solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, optimism provides the foundation for good leadership. Simply put, a positive outlook can be contagious, and a leader who exhibits this trait will inspire others in various contexts: the workplace, school, or the larger community. It is this ability to inspire that distinguishes a strong leader from a merely competent leader. While there have been many unforgettable leaders whose abilities seem so natural to them, people must not forget that these abilities can be learned and honed over time.
Identify a sentence that is a main point in support of the topic sentence. (Points : 1)
Being open-minded is another quality to learn if one wants to be an effective leader.
It is this ability to inspire that distinguishes a strong leader from a merely competent leader.
However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed.

6. Choose the sentence that would make the most effective thesis statement. (Points : 1)
More families are choosing to stay home for summer vacation instead of traveling out of state to save money, decrease carbon emissions, and appreciate local history.
More families are choosing to stay home for summer vacation because they don’t have the time or money for out-of-state travel.
More families are choosing to stay home for summer vacation instead of traveling out of state for different reasons.

7.

Choose the sentence that would make the most effective thesis statement.
(Points : 1)
The figure in Edvard Munch's painting, The Scream, has been made into a popular and scary Halloween costume.
In his famous painting The Scream, Edvard Munch’s use of brush stroke, color, and perspective arouse feelings of anxiety and despair in the viewer.
Edvard Munch’s painting, The Scream, is the one of the most interesting and famous artworks of all time.

8. Choose the sentence that would make the most effective thesis statement. (Points : 1)
Our Mercedes Benz, which is over twenty-five years old, just sits in the driveway.
Even though our Mercedes Benz is over twenty-five years old and appears to be broken down in the driveway, we love it.
Even though our Mercedes Benz is over twenty-five years old and appears to be broken down in the driveway, it is actually the most well-built and unique-looking car in the neighborhood.


9. Choose the sentence that would make the most effective thesis. (Points : 1)
Recently, more companies are offering an on-site gym and daycare center for their employees.
Companies that offer an on-site gym and daycare center to their employees are good places to work.
Big companies should provide an on-site gym and daycare center to
boost their employees’ morale and increase productivity.

10. Choose the sentence that would make the most effective thesis statement. (Points : 1)
Automobile emissions cause global warming and hurt the environment.
This paper will argue that American automakers should develop at least one “green” vehicle each year.
To provide more car-buying options, to promote environmental health, and to be viable competitors with foreign car companies, American automakers should be required to develop at least one “green” vehicle each year.


11. Select the sentence with correct pronoun usage. (Points : 1)
Ben plans to play basketball every Saturday with Jeff and I.
Ben plans to play basketball every Saturday with Jeff and me.
Ben plans to play basketball every Saturday with I and Jeff.

12. Select the sentence with correct pronoun usage. (Points : 1)
His sister is twelve years younger than us.
His sister is twelve years younger than him.
His sister is twelve years younger than I.

13. Select the sentence with correct pronoun-antecedent agreement. (Points : 1)
Some of the meats were undercooked, its pink color standing out.
Some of the meat was undercooked, their pink color standing out.
Some of the meat was undercooked, its pink color standing out.

14. Select the sentence with correct pronoun usage. (Points : 1)
Shannon divided the tasks for the upcoming project between us and them.
Shannon divided the tasks for the upcoming project between they and us.
Shannon divided the tasks for the upcoming project between we and them.



15. Select the sentence with correct pronoun-antecedent agreement. (Points : 1)
Most disciplined musicians practice their instruments every day.
Most disciplined musicians practice his instrument every day.
Most disciplined musicians practice her instrument every day.

16. Select the sentence that has correct pronoun-antecedent agreement. (Points : 1)
It is common for students to forget to use his school’s free services.
It is common for a student to forget to use their school’s free services.
It is common for a student to forget to use his or her school’s free services.

17. Select the sentence that has correct pronoun usage. (Points : 1)
Her and me arrived at the airport on time.
I and her arrived at the airport on time.
She and I arrived at the airport on time.

18. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
The Japanese maple on the balcony, as well as the herb garden, need watering.
The Japanese maples on the balcony, as well as the herb garden, needs watering.
The Japanese maple on the balcony, as well as the herb garden, needs watering.

19. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
Each of the eggs in that carton are already broken.
Each of the eggs in that carton were already broken.
Each of the eggs in that carton is already broken.



20. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
There is many books required for the advanced communications class.
There was many books required for the advanced communications class.
There are many books required for the advanced communications class.

21. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
The 2008 Olympics was held in Beijing, China.
The 2008 Olympics were held in Beijing, China.
The 2008 Olympics are held in Beijing, China.

22. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
Politics are always a controversial topic among my friends.
Politics is always a controversial topic among my friends.
Politics were always a controversial topic among my friends.

23. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
One of my friends are a doctor and lieutenant commander in the Navy.
One of my friends were a doctor and lieutenant commander in the Navy.
One of my friends is a doctor and lieutenant commander in the Navy.

24. Select the sentence that has correct subject-verb agreement. (Points : 1)
The team are practicing for the opening game of the baseball season.
The team is practicing for the opening game of the baseball season.
The team were practicing for the opening game of the baseball season.

25. Select the sentence that uses commas correctly. (Points : 1)
Nick has never traveled outside the United States, nor has he traveled outside his home state.
Nick has never traveled outside the United States nor has he traveled outside his home state.
Nick has never traveled outside the United States, nor, has he traveled outside his home state.
Nick has never traveled outside the United States nor, has he traveled outside his home state.

26. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
Yvette knew that she got the job because, she was introduced to the district manager as soon as the interview ended.
Yvette knew that she got the job, because she was introduced to the district manager as soon as the interview ended.
Yvette knew that she got the job, because, she was introduced to the district manager as soon as the interview ended.
Yvette knew that she got the job because she was introduced to the district manager as soon as the interview ended.

27. Select the sentence that uses commas correctly. (Points : 1)
According to statistics in 2008 the top three most dangerous jobs were fishing, logging, and piloting.
According to statistics in 2008, the top three most dangerous jobs were, fishing, logging, and piloting.
According to statistics in 2008, the top three most dangerous jobs were, fishing, logging, and piloting.
According to statistics, in 2008 the top three most dangerous jobs were fishing, logging, and piloting.

28. Select the sentence that uses commas correctly. (Points : 1)
At the end of the night the new, Ethiopian restaurant was packed.
At the end of the night, the new Ethiopian restaurant was packed.
At the end of the night the new Ethiopian restaurant was packed.
At the end, of the night, the new Ethiopian restaurant was packed.

29. Select the sentence that uses commas correctly. (Points : 1)
Lou and Jaymee signed up for tango lessons inspired by the show, Dancing with the Stars.
Inspired by the show, Dancing with the Stars, Lou and Jaymee signed up for tango lessons,
Lou and Jaymee signed up for tango lessons, inspired by the show Dancing with the Stars.
Lou and Jaymee signed up for tango lessons inspired by the show, Dancing with the Stars.

30. Select the sentence that uses commas correctly. (Points : 1)
Many children look forward to Christmas but, Dominic’s favorite holiday has always been Halloween.
Many children look forward to Christmas, but, Dominic’s favorite holiday has always been Halloween.
Many children look forward to Christmas, but Dominic’s favorite holiday has always been, Halloween.
Many children look forward to Christmas, but Dominic’s favorite holiday has always been Halloween.

31. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
San Francisco was too expensive, so, Felicia decided to live in the East Bay.
San Francisco was too expensive so Felicia decided to live in the East Bay.
San Francisco was too expensive, so Felicia decided to live in the East Bay.
San Francisco was too expensive so, Felicia decided to live in the East Bay.

32. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
My favorite story in Clarice Lispector’s book “Family Ties” is called Love.
My favorite story in Clarice Lispector’s book Family Ties is called “Love.”
My favorite story in Clarice Lispector’s book “Family Ties” is called Love.
My favorite story in Clarice Lispector’s book “Family Ties” is called Love.

33. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
I forgot to bring a lunch to work, I had to buy an expensive sandwich at the coffee kiosk.
I forgot to bring a lunch to work; I had to buy an expensive sandwich at the coffee kiosk.
I forgot to bring a lunch to work I had to buy an expensive sandwich—at the coffee kiosk.
I forgot to bring a lunch to work; and I had to buy an expensive sandwich at the coffee kiosk.

34. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
The neighborhood café offers: coffee, sandwiches, and free wireless Internet.
The neighborhood café offers; coffee, food, sandwiches, and free-wireless Internet.
The neighborhood café offers coffee, food, sandwiches, and free wireless Internet.
The neighborhood café offers—coffee, sandwiches, and free-wireless Internet.

35. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
When Carlos car’s engine light came on, he made an appointment with his mechanic right away.
When Carlos’ cars engine light came on, he made an appointment with his mechanic right away.
When Carlos’s car’s engine light came on, he made an appointment with his mechanic right away.
When Carlos’s cars’ engine light came on, he made an appointment with his mechanic right away.

36. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
Jack didn’t want to go to his company’s formal dinner party because he hates wearing a tuxedo.
Jack did’nt want to go to his companys’ formal dinner party because he hates wearing a tuxedo.
Jack didn’t want to go to his companys formal dinner party because he hates wearing a tuxedo.
Jack didnt want to go to his companies formal dinner party because he hates wearing a tuxedo.

37. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
Leslie’s urban home is beginning to look like a small farm, she has roosters, cats, bunnies, turtles, and lizards.
Leslie’s urban home is beginning to look like a small farm; she has roosters, cats, bunnies, turtles, and lizards.
Leslie’s urban home is beginning to look like a small farm: She has roosters; cats; bunnies; turtles; and lizards.
Leslie’s urban home is beginning to look like a small farm: She has roosters, cats, bunnies, turtles, and lizards.

38. Select the sentence that is punctuated correctly. (Points : 1)
The cable-knit blanket, that a friend made for me, is beginning to unravel.
The cable—blanket, that a friend made for me, is beginning to unravel.
The cable-knit blanket that a friend made for me is beginning to unravel.
The cable -- knit blanket that a friend made for me, is beginning to unravel.

39. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise. (Points : 1)
This week’s weather forecast called for thunderstorms, high winds, and it also mentioned hail.
The weather forecast for this week called for thunderstorms, high winds, and also hail.
The weather forecast for this week called for thunderstorms, winds that are high, and lots of hail.
This week’s weather forecast called for thunderstorms, high winds, and hail.

40. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise. (Points : 1)
Steve only eats vegetables while his twin brother eats meat.
Steve eats only vegetables, but his twin brother eats meat.
Steve only eats vegetables, but his twin brother only eats meat.
While Steve eats vegetables, his twin brother eats meat.

41. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise. (Points : 1)
Running laps before warming up, Tiffany’s legs were sore.
Tiffany’s legs were sore because she ran laps before warming up.
Before warming up, Tiffany’s legs were sore because she ran laps.
Tiffany’s legs were sore because she was running laps before warming up.

42. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise. (Points : 1)
Due to the fact that my daughter is allergic to grass, she could not attend the class picnic.
Because of the fact that my daughter is allergic to grass she could not attend the class picnic.
My daughter could not attend the class picnic because she is allergic to grass.
She is allergic to grass, so my daughter could not attend the class picnic.

43. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise. (Points : 1)
While in pajamas every morning, my next-door neighbor takes his dog for a walk.
Every morning my next-door neighbor takes his dog for a walk while in pajamas.
While in pajamas, my next-door neighbor takes his dog for a walk every morning.
Every morning my next-door neighbor takes his dog for a walk in his pajamas.

44. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise. (Points : 1)
We are in receipt of your resume and cover letter. We will be contacting you soon.
We are in receipt of your resume and cover letter, and we would contact you soon.
We have received your resume and cover letter, and we will contact you soon.
We have received your resume and cover letter; we’re going to contact you soon.

45. Select the sentence that is most clear and concise.. (Points : 1)
In order to win a prize in the contest, you must sell more tickets than the majority of other participants.
In the event that you want to win a prize in the contest, you must sell more tickets than most of the other participants.
If you want to win a contest prize, you must sell more tickets than most of the other participants.
To win a contest prize, you must sell more tickets than most other participants..






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