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1. Which of the following statements best identifies a learning style that's creative, verbal, and independent? A. Loren writes poetry because she enjoys experimenting with words to evoke emotions. B. Cameron loves to diagram the different aspects or meanings of an idea. C. Bart enjoys sitting in public places with his brother analyzing people, especially when he is trying to come up with a plot for a short story. D. Karen loves sorting out facts, especially when she can help her classmates visualize them in novel and interesting ways. 2. Carmen asserts that a strong conclusion to an essay should look ahead and present a call for action. Carl agrees, except he insists that a strong conclusion should restate the thesis verbatim. Who is correct? A. Both Carmen and Carl are correct. B. Neither Carmen nor Carl is correct. C. Only Carmen is correct. D. Only Carl is correct. 3. To narrow a general topic you've selected, which pair of techniques is most likely to be effective? A. Freewriting and questioning B. Branching diagram and questioning C. Questioning and choosing an issue that interests you D. Using a branching diagram and consulting your journal 4. When you write, the tone, vocabulary, and type of information you choose should vary depending on your A. biases. B. values. C. education. D. audience. 5. Which of the following is a common error in composing a thesis statement? A. You offer an original perspective on a familiar theme. B. Your thesis statement contains two or more central points. C. Your thesis statement is specific as opposed to general. D. You focus your thesis statement after you begin writing. 6. The usual point of view when writing a formal academic essay is A. third person. B. second person. C. subjective. D. personal. 7. Please read the following excerpt from an essay. The sentences are numbered to help you respond to the question that follows. (1) After Sean was arrested for breaking into a pawnshop, I began to wonder. (2) Why did some kids from my neighborhood end up in trouble while most of us didn't? (3) I started out with a question: What causes young people to make bad choices? (4) Now, after two years of research, I've arrived at the conclusion that there is no simple answer. (5) There is no one reason why good kids go bad, but there are typical reasons. (6) According to my research, teenagers are most likely to get into trouble if they hang out with a bad crowd. (7) That's because people learn their values from the people they associate with. (8) So a very big reason for bad behavior is imitating one's peers. (9) But there are other important factors as well. (10) Kids who get in trouble are often school dropouts. (11) Also, kids being raised by a single mother are more likely to get in trouble than kids raised in an intact family. (12) Substance abuse also plays a role, especially when it comes to alcohol and legal or illegal drugs. In which sentence or sentences do you find the thesis statement in this excerpt? A. 3 B. 5 C. 2 D. 4 and 5 8. In my journal, I've divided several pages into two columns. In the first column, I write down selected quotations from an essay I've just read. My purpose in these procedures is most likely to be _______ the essay. A. summarizing B. creating C. revising D. analyzing 9. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows. Biologically, adolescence is marked by hormonal changes that produce secondary sexual characteristics. These include breast development in females and beard growth in males. (Psychologically however, adolescence is a concept that applies only to modern industrial societies. In fact, in most preliterate or tribal societies, the modern American idea of adolescence simply does not exist. In such societies, the social roles of adulthood are to be learned during childhood. (Then, around the time of biological puberty, a child becomes an adult through a ritual anthropologists call a rite of passage. By contrast, in American society, adolescence amounts to a sort of social and cultural limbo. Informally, the end of childhood is often marked by one's thirteenth birthday. The child is now a "teenager." More formally, the end of adolescence is marked by legal strictures that vary irrationally. In a given state the age of sexual consent may be 16 for girls and 18 for boys. An 18-year-old may vote or enlist to die for his country, but, until he reaches age 21, he may not legally purchase alcoholic beverages. In the paragraph, the thesis is best suggested A. through an implied topic sentence. B. by what the reader decides about the actual nature of adolescence. C. in sentences 1 and 3. D. in sentences 3 and 4. 10. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows. Biologically, adolescence is marked by hormonal changes that produce secondary sexual characteristics. These include breast development in females and beard growth in males. (Psychologically however, adolescence is a concept that applies only to modern industrial societies. In fact, in most preliterate or tribal societies, the modern American idea of adolescence simply does not exist. In such societies, the social roles of adulthood are to be learned during childhood. (Then, around the time of biological puberty, a child becomes an adult through a ritual anthropologists call a rite of passage. By contrast, in American society, adolescence amounts to a sort of social and cultural limbo. Informally, the end of childhood is often marked by one's thirteenth birthday. The child is now a "teenager." More formally, the end of adolescence is marked by legal strictures that vary irrationally. In a given state the age of sexual consent may be 16 for girls and 18 for boys. An 18-year-old may vote or enlist to die for his country, but, until he reaches age 21, he may not legally purchase alcoholic beverages. If the topic of this paragraph is adolescence, which of the following statements best captures or reiterates the thesis? A. Adolescence is defined differently in different societies. B. Western society has no single concept of adolescence. C. Adolescence is an aspect of modern society. D. Adolescence is an irrational concept. 11. Which of the following titles is made more effective by alliteration? A. What's in a Name? B. Now You See It; Now You Don't C. Ruby, the Rose of Roslyn D. Guns: Our Lethal Heritage 12. The principles for supplying evidence in support of a thesis could be represented by an acronym: RSVSRA. According to the information in your text, the two "Rs" could stand for A. respectful and revealing. B. representative and revealing. C. relevant and representative. D. revealing and relevant. 13. In searching out the key elements as you read an essay, you're most likely to discover the author's support for his or her claims or ideas in the A. body of the essay. B. introductory paragraph. C. title. D. conclusion. 14. One of the nine ways, or patterns, of developing an essay is A. disputation. B. process. C. elaboration. D. editing. 15. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows. I've never actually met a real live humorist. Well, not in person at any rate. However, one summer, having a lot of time on my hands, I discovered unexpected treasures lurking in the local public library. Among the nuggets I unearthed in those musty stacks was a book by humorist Robert Benchley. To this day I remember one of his quips. He wrote, "There are two kinds of people in this world; those who divide the world into two kinds of people and those who don't." After laughing out loud, I became pensive. I wondered why the quip was so funny. A year or so later, I formed a theory. Humor is based on the unexpected.(br)In the passage above, the topic sentence and the thesis are one and the same. In the paragraph about Robert Benchley, what types of evidence does the writer use to support his thesis, other than narration? A. Example B. Classification C. Historical background D. Comparison and contrast 16. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows. I've never actually met a real live humorist. Well, not in person at any rate. However, one summer, having a lot of time on my hands, I discovered unexpected treasures lurking in the local public library. Among the nuggets I unearthed in those musty stacks was a book by humorist Robert Benchley. To this day I remember one of his quips. He wrote, "There are two kinds of people in this world; those who divide the world into two kinds of people and those who don't." After laughing out loud, I became pensive. I wondered why the quip was so funny. A year or so later, I formed a theory. Humor is based on the unexpected.(br)In the passage above, the topic sentence and the thesis are one and the same. What makes the last sentence effective as a thesis statement? A. Assertion B. Humor C. Simplicity D. Specific detail 17. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows. In the passage, the sentences are numbered to help you respond to the question. (1) Biologically, adolescence is marked by hormonal changes that produce secondary sexual characteristics. (2) These include breast development in females and beard growth in males. (3) Psychologically however, adolescence is a concept that applies only to modern industrial societies. (4) In fact, in most preliterate or tribal societies, the modern American idea of adolescence simply does not exist. (5) In such societies, the social roles of adulthood are to be learned during childhood. (6) Then, around the time of biological puberty, a child becomes an adult through a ritual anthropologists call a rite of passage. (7) By contrast, in American society, adolescence amounts to a sort of social and cultural limbo. (8) Informally, the end of childhood is often marked by one's thirteenth birthday. The child is now a "teenager." (9) More formally, the end of adolescence is marked by legal strictures that vary irrationally. (10) In a given state the age of sexual consent may be 16 for girls and 18 for boys. (11) An 18-year-old may vote or enlist to die for his country, but, until he reaches age 21, he may not legally purchase alcoholic beverages. In which sentence of the paragraph do you find a transitional word or phrase that shows a time connection? End of exam A. Sentence 3 B. Sentence 6 C. Sentence 4 D. Sentence 7 18. According to your textbook, which statement about learning styles is most accurate? A. If you're a verbal learner, you can still experiment with spatial diagrams. B. Concrete learners tend to focus on the big picture. C. Pragmatic learners are almost never creative, but they're usually emotional. D. To write more effectively, you shouldn't experiment with unfamiliar learning styles. 19. Please read the following excerpt from an essay. The sentences are numbered to help you respond to the question that follows. (1) After Sean was arrested for breaking into a pawnshop, I began to wonder. (2) Why did some kids from my neighborhood end up in trouble while most of us didn't? (3) I started out with a question: What causes young people to make bad choices? (4) Now, after two years of research, I've arrived at the conclusion that there is no simple answer. (5) There is no one reason why good kids go bad, but there are typical reasons. (6) According to my research, teenagers are most likely to get into trouble if they hang out with a bad crowd. (7) That's because people learn their values from the people they associate with. (8) So a very big reason for bad behavior is imitating one's peers. (9) But there are other important factors as well. (10) Kids who get in trouble are often school dropouts. (11) Also, kids being raised by a single mother are more likely to get in trouble than kids raised in an intact family. (12) Substance abuse also plays a role, especially when it comes to alcohol and legal or illegal drugs. Sentence 7 of the excerpt is an example of A. random evidence. B. an opinion. C. a supporting explanation. D. a conclusion. 20. Your topic is courtesy, and you're writing from the point of view of a caring mentor. Which of the following sentences is most persuasive for an audience of high school graduates from a working-class neighborhood? A. Remember that you can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar. B. Courtesy to others shows self-respect as much as it does respect for others. C. Courtesy yields profits to the impecunious as well as to the wealthy. D. Courtesy is the oil that lubricates the machinery of discourse.
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